Topamax oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions & more

Topamax oral: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions & more

Topamax oral: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions & more

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How to use Topamax

Before beginning treatment with topiramate and whenever you get a refill on your prescription, make sure you have read the information contained in the Medication Guide and, if it is available, the Patient Information Leaflet that your pharmacist has supplied you with. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.

You should take this medication by mouth as advised by your doctor, often twice daily. It can be used with or without food. If your doctor has not instructed you otherwise, it is important to consume a large number of liquids while taking this medication in order to reduce the risk of developing kidney stones.

If you are taking this medication in tablet form, it is important that you consume the tablets as they are because breaking them can leave a harsh taste in your mouth.

If you are taking this medication in liquid form, you will need to measure the amount with a special measuring instrument or spoon to ensure accurate dosing. You should not use a regular spoon since you run the risk of not getting the right amount.

Your current health status and how you respond to treatment will determine the appropriate dosage for you. When it comes to youngsters, the dosage is also determined by the child’s weight. Your dose will be increased gradually as part of your doctor’s plan to minimise the likelihood of adverse effects. To treat certain conditions, you might begin taking topiramate once a day before going to bed and gradually raise your dosage until you are taking it twice daily. It could take you a few weeks or even a few months before you find the right dose for you and before you feel the full effects of this drug.

It is important to maintain consistent use of this drug in order to get the most out of it. Take it at the same time every day so that you don’t forget. This will assist. It is important that you speak with your healthcare provider before discontinuing the use of this medicine. It is possible that certain conditions will become even more severe if you suddenly stop taking this medication. It’s possible that your current dose needs to be gradually lowered.

If your situation does not improve or if it gets worse, you should consult your physician.

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Side Effects

There is a possibility that you will have fatigue, tiredness, dizziness, lack of coordination, tingling in the hands and feet, loss of appetite, an unpleasant taste in your mouth, diarrhoea, and a reduction in your overall body weight. It is also possible to experience mental issues such as disorientation, sluggish thinking, difficulty concentrating or paying attention, anxiousness, memory problems, or speech and language difficulties. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.

Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.

Notify your physician as soon as possible if you experience any serious side effects, such as severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, or groyne area, fever, chills, painful or frequent urination, bloody or pink urine, rapid breathing, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, bone pain, broken bones, loss of consciousness, or unusual bleeding or bruising.

People who use anticonvulsants for any illness (such as seizures, bipolar disorder, or pain) run the risk of developing depression, having suicidal thoughts or attempts, or having other mental or mood issues. This risk is especially high in children. Notify your physician without delay if you or a member of your family or your caretaker observe any odd or sudden changes in your mood, thoughts, or behaviour, such as signs of depression, suicidal thoughts or attempts, or ideas about hurting yourself.

Topiramate has a very low risk of causing major eye problems, but when it does, they typically appear during the first month of treatment. This eye condition, if left untreated, can result in complete and total blindness. If you experience any of the following adverse effects, seek immediate medical attention: Alterations in vision (such as a sudden loss of vision or blurred vision), eye pain, and redness can occur suddenly.

If you are also using valproic acid, there is a remote possibility that this medicine could induce a major metabolic issue, which would manifest as an elevated level of ammonia in the blood. Notify your primary care provider as soon as possible if you develop sudden and unexpected fatigue, vomiting, or mental changes (such as decreased alertness).

It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you detect any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis.

This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.

In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at to report any adverse effects.

In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.

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Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to topiramate, or if you have any other allergies before beginning treatment with this medication. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.

Before beginning treatment with this medication, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have or have ever had any of the following conditions: narrow-angle glaucoma, kidney problems (such as kidney stones), liver problems, mental/mood problems (such as depression, suicidal thoughts), lung/breathing problems, a certain metabolic imbalance (metabolic acidosis), long-term diarrhoea, a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates (ketogenic diet) (osteoporosis).

This medication may cause you to feel drowsy or lightheaded, and it may also affect your judgement. These effects may be made worse by the use of alcohol or marijuana (cannabis). Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do it safely. Steer clear of beverages containing alcohol. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).

This prescription may cause you to sweat less, which increases the risk that you will suffer from heat stroke. Stay away from activities that could cause you to overheat, such as working hard or exercising outside while the temperature is high or utilising hot tubs. When the temperature is high, it is important to consume enough fluids and wear in lightweight clothing. In the event that you become overheated, you should immediately look for a place where you can cool off and rest. You should seek immediate medical attention if you develop a fever that does not go away, changes in your mental state or mood, a headache, or dizziness.

Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

It’s possible that children are more susceptible to the negative effects of this medication, particularly bone fragility, a slower growth rate, and less sweating. For further information, please speak with either your physician or pharmacist.

The adverse effects of this medication, including dizziness, may be felt more acutely by people of advanced age. The danger of falling is increased when dizziness is present.

During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. It could cause harm to an unborn child. Have a conversation with your healthcare provider about the usage of effective methods of birth control (see also Drug Interactions section). If you are trying to conceive, become pregnant, or have any reason to believe that you may be pregnant, you should talk to your doctor as soon as possible about the potential advantages and dangers of using this drug while you are pregnant.

If you are using this medicine to treat seizures, you should be aware that untreated seizures are a serious condition that can be harmful to both a pregnant woman and her unborn baby. Because of this, you should not stop taking this medication until specifically ordered to do so by your doctor.

This medicine is excreted into breast milk and may have unintended consequences for an infant who is being breastfed. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.

Please seek the advice of your pharmacist or physician.

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Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.

Orlistat is a product that should be considered a possible interaction partner for this medication.

It is possible that the effectiveness of hormonal birth control products will be reduced if you take this medication (such as pills, patches, and rings). Because of this consequence, pregnancy may occur. For more information, consult your primary care physician or pharmacist. Talk to your doctor about whether or not you should use extra birth control methods that are reliable while you are taking this medicine. You should also consult your physician if you notice any new spotting or if you experience any breakthrough bleeding since these could be indications that your method of birth control is not functioning properly.

If you are taking other products that cause drowsiness, such as alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, or opioid pain relievers, you should let your doctor or pharmacist know (such as codeine).

You should read the labels on all of your medications (such as those meant to treat allergies or coughs and colds) since some of them may contain substances that make you feel sleepy. Talk to your local pharmacist about the proper way to use those products.

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Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control centre. To reach the poison control centre for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents can call a provincial poison control centre. Extreme sleepiness and loss of consciousness are two of the potential symptoms of an overdose.


This drug should not be given to anyone else.

Tests in the laboratory and/or examinations by a doctor (such as eye exams and blood levels of bicarbonate) should be carried out in order to monitor your progress and check for any adverse effects.

Neglected Dose

If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it will be less than six hours before your next scheduled dose, you should forgo the dose you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up. If you have missed more than one dosage, you should consult your physician for guidance.


Keep away from light and moisture, storing it at room temperature in an airtight container with a secure lid. The liquid version of this drug should be thrown away 30 days after it has been opened or after the expiration date, whichever comes first. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.

Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.

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