Omeprazole oral: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions & more
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How to use Omeprazole
If your physician has recommended this medication for you, read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before beginning to take omeprazole and whenever you get a refill on your prescription. If the leaflet is not available from your pharmacist, ask your doctor for another copy. Before you take this medication, be sure that you have read and understood all of the guidelines that are printed on the product packaging. This is especially important if you are using an over-the-counter product to treat yourself.
You should take this medication by mouth exactly as advised, which is often one day before a meal. Your current health status and how well you respond to treatment will determine the dosage that you take and how long the treatment will last. When it comes to youngsters, the dosage is also determined by the child’s weight. Do not take this medication more frequently or raise your dosage than the label directs you to. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.
Avoid crushing, breaking, or chewing delayed-release pills in any way. This can cause the medicine to be released all at once, which raises the likelihood of experiencing adverse effects.
Always ensure that your hands are dry before handling the disintegrating delayed-release tablets when you are taking them. Put the pill under your tongue, and give it some time to dissolve. After the tablet has been broken up, it can be consumed with or without water, depending on personal preference. The tablets can also be taken by mouth, unbroken, with a glass of water.
In the event that they are required, antacids may also be taken in conjunction with this drug. If you are also taking sucralfate, you should take omeprazole at least half an hour before you take the sucralfate.
Make sure you take this medication as directed for it to have the desired effect. Take it at the same time every day so that you don’t forget when you’re supposed to. Even if you start to feel better, you should keep taking this medication for the whole amount of time that the doctor has recommended. If you are treating yourself with an over-the-counter product, you should not continue to use it for more than 14 days unless your physician instructs you to do so.
Notify your primary care physician if your issue persists or worsens. If you are treating yourself, you should consult a medical professional if your heartburn continues for more than two weeks or if you have to take this prescription more frequently than once every four months.
The longer you take it, the higher your risk of getting adverse consequences. Inquire with your primary care physician about how long you should continue to take this medication. Get immediate medical attention if you have any reason to suspect that you may be suffering from a significant health condition.
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It’s possible you’ll end up with a headache or stomachache. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
If your physician has recommended that you use this product, it is important for you to keep in mind that he or she has concluded that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
If you experience any serious side effects, including symptoms of a low magnesium blood level (such as muscle spasms, irregular heartbeat, or seizures), evidence of lupus, or any other symptoms, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible (such as rash on nose and cheeks, new or worsening joint pain).
Because of a bacteria known as C. difficile, this medicine has a very low but nevertheless possible risk of causing a severe digestive illness. This syndrome may manifest itself at any time during therapy or anywhere from a few weeks to several months after treatment has been completed. Notify your primary care provider as soon as possible if you experience any of the following symptoms: diarrhea that does not stop, abdominal or stomach pain or cramps, blood or mucus in your stool.
Do not use anti-diarrhea or opioid medicines if you are experiencing these symptoms because they may make your condition much more severe.
Proton pump inhibitors (like omeprazole) have only seldom been linked to cases of vitamin B-12 insufficiency. If you take them on a regular basis for an extended period of time, you put yourself in greater danger (3 years or longer). If you start to experience signs of vitamin B-12 deficiency, such as unusual weakness, a painful tongue, or numbness or tingling in your hands or feet, make an appointment with your primary care physician as soon as possible.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you experience any symptoms of a major allergic response, such as a high temperature, rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty breathing, or evidence of kidney issues (such as a change in the amount of urine).
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
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Inform your physician or pharmacist that you are allergic to omeprazole, or to other medicines that are similar to it (such as esomeprazole, lansoprazole, or pantoprazole), or if you have any additional allergies before beginning treatment with omeprazole. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this drug, it is important that you discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of liver illness or lupus.
There is a possibility that certain symptoms are actually indicators of a more serious disease. If you have heartburn along with lightheadedness, sweating, dizziness, chest/jaw/arm/shoulder pain (particularly in conjunction with shortness of breath or unusual perspiration), or an unexplained loss of weight, you should seek immediate medical attention.
In addition, before you attempt to treat yourself with this drug on your own, you should seek immediate medical attention if you exhibit any of the following warning indications of a dangerous condition: Pain or difficulty swallowing food, bloody or coffee-ground-looking vomit, bloody or black stools, heartburn that has lasted for more than three months, frequent chest pain, frequent wheezing (especially in conjunction with heartburn), nausea and vomiting, and stomach pain are all symptoms that should raise concern.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
Proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole, have been linked to an increased risk of bone fractures, particularly in patients who have been taking the medication for a longer period of time, are taking greater doses, or are older individuals. Have a conversation with your primary care physician or your local pharmacy about the possibility of preventing bone loss and fractures through the use of dietary supplements, such as calcium (such as calcium citrate) and vitamin D.
Those who are older may be more susceptible to the adverse effects of this medication, including bone deterioration and fractures (as discussed previously) as well as C. difficile infection.
It is possible that children are more susceptible to the adverse effects of this medication, particularly fever, coughing, and infections of the nose, throat, and airways.
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages.
This drug is found in breast milk after being taken. It is unknown what consequences this will have on a baby who is being breastfed. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Please seek the advice of your pharmacist or physician.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first seeing your physician, do not begin, stop, or alter the dosage of any medications you are now taking.
Some products, such as cilostazol, clopidogrel, methotrexate (particularly when used in large doses), rifampin, and St. John’s wort, may have an adverse reaction when combined with this medication.
Certain nutrients can only be efficiently absorbed by the body if they are first broken down by the acid in the stomach. Since omeprazole lowers stomach acid, its use may alter the effectiveness of the products in question. Some affected products include atazanavir, erlotinib, levoketoconazole, nelfinavir, pazopanib, rilpivirine, some azole antifungals (itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole), among others.
Omeprazole is extremely similar to esomeprazole. While you are using omeprazole, you should not take any medications that include esomeprazole.
This medicine has the potential to interact with a variety of laboratory tests, which could result in inaccurate test findings. Ensure that the employees in the laboratory and all of your doctors are aware that you are using this medication.
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Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control center. To reach the poison control center for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents can call a provincial poison control center. Confusion, unusual perspiration, impaired vision, and an abnormally rapid heartbeat are some of the symptoms that might accompany an overdose.
If your physician has prescribed this prescription for you, do not give it to anybody else even if they ask for it.
If your doctor instructs you to use this medication on a consistent basis for an extended period of time, it is possible that you will be subjected to periodic laboratory and medical tests (such as a magnesium blood test and vitamin B-12 levels) to monitor your progress or check for any adverse effects. Always be on time for your scheduled checkups and laboratory tests.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realize you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighborhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.