Metoprolol Tartrate – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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Metoprolol can be utilized in the treatment of high blood pressure either in conjunction with or independently of other drugs (hypertension). Strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems can all be avoided by treating high blood pressure and lowering it. This medicine is also prescribed to patients suffering from chest pain (also known as angina) to boost their chances of surviving a heart attack. Beta-blockers are the pharmaceutical subgroup that metoprolol is classified. It accomplishes this by inhibiting the effect that the body’s own naturally occurring substances, such as epinephrine, have on the cardiovascular system, specifically the heart. This effect reduces the strain placed on the heart, as well as the heart rate and blood pressure.
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Metoprolol Tartrate: Directions for Use
Please also see the section labeled Warning.
You should take this medication as advised by your physician, which is often anywhere from one to three times per day, either orally with a meal or immediately after a meal. Your current health status and how well you respond to treatment will determine the appropriate dosage.
It is possible that your physician will instruct you to begin treatment with this medicine at a low dose and then gradually increase that dose over the course of a few days. Be sure to pay close attention to the directions that your doctor gives you.
Make sure you take this medication as directed for it to have the desired effect. Take it at the same time(s) every day so that you won’t forget when to take it. Do not stop taking this drug all of a sudden without first visiting your healthcare provider. It is possible that your illness will worsen if you suddenly stop taking the medication.
It is possible that it will be many weeks before you feel the full benefits of using this medication in order to treat high blood pressure. Continue taking this medication even if you don’t feel like you need it. The majority of people who have hypertension do not report feeling ill.
It is essential to take this drug on a consistent basis and exactly as directed in order to reduce the risk of experiencing chest pain, a second heart attack, or migraine headaches. If you are experiencing chest discomfort or migraines, you should not take this medication to treat them. In order to alleviate unexpected attacks, your doctor may recommend that you use other medications (for example, nitroglycerin tablets placed under the tongue for chest pain, “triptan” drugs such as sumatriptan for migraines). For further information, speak with either your physician or pharmacist.
If your situation does not improve or if it gets worse, you should let your doctor know (for example, if your routine blood pressure readings remain high or increase, if your chest pain or migraines occur more often).
It is possible for you to have drowsiness, dizziness, weariness, diarrhea, and a slow heartbeat. Rarely has there been mention of a reduction in sexual ability. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
When rising from a seated or laying position, it is important to do so carefully in order to limit the likelihood of experiencing dizziness and lightheadedness.
Because this medication can limit blood flow to your hands and feet, you may have a feeling of coldness in those areas. It’s possible that smoking makes this effect worse. Dress warmly and stay away from cigarette products.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
Notify your physician immediately if you experience any of the following uncommon but serious side effects: very slow heartbeat, severe dizziness, fainting, blue fingers or toes, trouble breathing, new or worsening symptoms of heart failure (such as shortness of breath, swelling ankles/feet, unusual tiredness, unusual or sudden weight gain), mental or mood changes (such as confusion, mood swings, depression).
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you detect any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
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Inform your physician or pharmacist that you are allergic to metoprolol, as well as to any other beta-blockers (such as atenolol or propranolol), or if you have any additional allergies before beginning treatment with metoprolol. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
If you have a history of certain types of heart rhythm problems (such as a slow heartbeat, sick sinus syndrome, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block), breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema), liver disease, heart failure, serious allergic reactions, including those that require treatment with epinephrine, blood circulation problems (such as Raynaud’s disease, periphery arterial disease), tell your doctor or pharmacist before (myasthenia gravis).
This medication could cause you to feel lightheaded or sleepy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more dizzy or drowsy. Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do so safely. Reduce your intake of alcoholic beverages. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
If you have diabetes, this product has the potential to hide the rapid and pounding heartbeat that you would normally experience when your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia). This medication has no effect on the other signs and symptoms of low blood sugar, such as lightheadedness and perspiration. This product may also make it more difficult for you to maintain adequate control of your blood sugar levels.
Check your blood sugar on a regular basis as instructed by your doctor, and then discuss the results with them. If you have symptoms of high blood sugar such as excessive thirst or urine, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible. It’s possible that your diabetic medication, exercise routine, or diet will need some tweaking from your doctor.
Children may be at a greater risk for low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), particularly if they are vomiting or are not eating regularly. This increases the likelihood that the child may develop the condition. Maintaining a consistent eating routine can assist in warding off hypoglycemia in youngsters. Stop giving this medication to your kid immediately and inform their doctor if they are unable to eat normally, are throwing up, or are exhibiting symptoms of low blood sugar (such as sweating or convulsions).
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. It could cause harm to an unborn child. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages.
This medication does go into breast milk, but it is highly unlikely that it may harm a nursing baby. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
Fingolimod is a product that should be considered a potential interaction partner for this medication.
Other medications can interfere with your body’s ability to eliminate metoprolol, which in turn can have an effect on how well the drug works. Lumefantrine, propafenone, quinidine, SSRI antidepressants (such as fluoxetine and paroxetine), and St. John’s wort are some examples of medications that fall into this category.
Certain goods contain components that can cause an increase in your heart rate or blood pressure, or make your heart failure condition even more severe. Tell your pharmacist what products you are using and ask for instructions on how to use them safely. This is especially important for over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and naproxen.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control center. To reach the poison control center for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents can call a provincial poison control center. An overdose can cause a variety of symptoms, including an extremely slow heartbeat, severe dizziness, severe weakness, fainting, and difficulty breathing.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
Have a conversation with your healthcare provider about making adjustments to your lifestyle that might make this medicine more effective (such as stress reduction programs, exercise, and dietary changes).
While you are taking this medicine, you should get your blood pressure and pulse (heart rate) tested on a frequent basis. You should become familiar with the procedures for taking your own blood pressure and pulse at home and then report the results to your attending physician.
It is possible that you will be subjected to periodic laboratory and/or medical tests (such as those assessing your liver’s function), in order to track your progress and identify any potential adverse reactions. Consult your doctor for additional details.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realize you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighborhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.