Vistaril – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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The itching that might be caused by allergies can be treated with hydroxyzine. It is an antihistamine, and its mechanism of action involves inhibiting the production of a certain naturally occurring chemical (histamine) that your body produces in response to an allergic reaction. Hydroxyzine may also be used for the treatment of anxiety on a short-term basis, or it may be used to help you feel tired or relaxed before or after undergoing surgery.
How to properly take Vistaril
You should take this medication by mouth as suggested by your physician, typically three or four times daily. It can be used with or without meals.
Your age, current medical condition, and how well you respond to treatment all play a role in determining the appropriate dosage. When treating youngsters, the dosage may also be determined by the child’s weight. You should not take this drug more frequently or increase the dosage that you are now taking it.
If your situation does not improve or if it gets worse, you should let your doctor know.
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It is possible for you to have drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, constipation, or dry mouth when taking this medication. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
If you suffer from dry mouth, you can alleviate the discomfort by sucking on sugar-free hard candies or ice chips, chewing sugar-free gum, drinking water, or using a saliva substitute.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is because he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
Notify your physician as soon as possible if you experience any major adverse effects, such as changes in your mind or emotions (such as irritability, disorientation, or hallucinations), shaking (tremor), or difficulty urinating.
If you experience any adverse effects that are considered to be very significant, such as seizures, fast or irregular heartbeat, severe dizziness, or fainting, you should seek immediate medical attention.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you detect any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
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Inform your doctor or pharmacist that you are allergic to hydroxyzine, as well as cetirizine, levocetirizine, or any other medications before beginning treatment with hydroxyzine. If you have any other allergies, you should also mention them. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this medication, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of the following conditions: difficulty breathing (such as emphysema or asthma), high pressure in the eye (glaucoma), high blood pressure, kidney problems, liver problems, seizures, stomach or intestinal problems (such as an ulcer or a blockage), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), or difficulty urinating (for example, due to enlarged prostate).
A disorder that alters the normal beat of the heart could be the result of taking hydroxyzine (QT prolongation). Rarely, a QT prolongation can produce dangerous (and in extremely rare cases, fatal) fast or irregular heartbeat, in addition to other symptoms (such as severe dizziness and fainting) that require immediate medical attention.
If you have certain medical conditions or are taking other drugs that can cause QT prolongation, your risk of developing the condition may be enhanced. Before beginning treatment with hydroxyzine, it is important to inform your doctor or pharmacist of all the medications you are currently taking, as well as if you have any of the following conditions: certain heart problems (heart failure, slow heartbeat, QT prolongation in the EKG), a family history of certain heart problems, or a combination of these conditions (QT prolongation in the EKG, sudden cardiac death).
Your chance of having your QT interval becomes prolonged may also be increased if your blood potassium or magnesium levels are low. This risk may be increased if you use certain medications (such as diuretics or “water pills”) or if you have conditions like as intense sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. Likewise, this risk may be increased if you use certain drugs. Have a discussion with your healthcare provider about how to take hydroxyzine safely.
This medication may cause you to feel drowsy, lightheaded, or distort your vision. Drinking alcohol or smoking marijuana (also known as cannabis) can make you feel more lightheaded and sleepy. Do not operate a motor vehicle, any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are able to complete them safely. Steer clear of beverages containing alcohol. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
It’s possible that children are more susceptible to the negative effects of this medication than adults. Young children are more likely to experience enthusiasm than sleepiness as a side effect of this medicine.
It’s possible that elderly people are more sensitive to the negative effects of this medication, particularly sleepiness, disorientation, constipation, difficulties urinating, and QT prolongation. There is a correlation between drowsiness and an increased risk of falling.
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages.
It is not known whether this medication is found in breast milk. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
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Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other products that cause drowsiness, such as opioid pain relievers or cough relievers (such as codeine or hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol or cyclobenzaprine), or other antihistamines. Some of these products include (such as diphenhydramine, promethazine).
You should read the labels on all of your medications (such as those meant to treat allergies or coughs and colds) since some of them may contain substances that make you feel sleepy. Talk to your local pharmacist about the proper way to use those products.
Because of the potential for increased adverse effects, this medication should not be used in conjunction with any other topical antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine cream, ointment, or spray).
Hydroxyzine is quite similar to cetirizine and levocetirizine. When taking hydroxyzine, you should not use any of these other medications.
This medicine has the potential to interfere with a variety of laboratory procedures, such as skin testing for allergies and measuring the level of corticosteroids in urine, potentially leading to inaccurate test findings. Ensure that the employees in the laboratory and all of your doctors are aware that you are using this medication.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control centre. To reach the poison control centre for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control centre. Seizures and extreme sleepiness are two of the possible symptoms of an overdose. Before drowsiness sets in, children may experience changes in their thoughts and moods, such as anger and restlessness.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.