Bumps on Vagina: When to Seek Medical Attention
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You are not the only person who has ever questioned whether or not the lumps, bumps, and colour of the skin on your vagina are natural. Bumps and lumps in the vagina are extremely frequent, particularly throughout a woman’s childbearing years or as she ages. Continue reading to discover more about the causes of the changes that have occurred to your skin in this area as well as the signs that indicate it is time to contact a doctor.
Vagina vs. vulva
When people talk about the vagina, they frequently mean both the internal organ known as the vagina and the external genitalia known as the vulva. The vagina is the inside organ, and the vulva is the exterior genitalia.
The vagina is a muscular tube that leads to the cervix, which is the entry to the uterus. The cervix is the opening to the female reproductive organ. The mucous membrane that covers the top layer of tissue in your vagina is quite similar to the tissue that lines your mouth and nose. Rugae are the bumps and ridges that can be found on the surface of the vagina. These rugae are similar to folds or pleats of additional tissue that can be found when the vagina is relaxed. Rugae are responsible for the expansion of your vagina during sexual activity and birthing.
The vulva contains a number of organs, including:
The labia majora are the lips that are located on the exterior of your vulva. Your pubic hair is located on the surface of the labia majora that faces the exterior of your body. The hairless, smoother skin of the inner fold contains oil glands known as sebaceous glands. This skin does not have any hair.
You may view your labia minora, which are the inner lips of thin skin that surround the opening to your vagina if you pull the labia majora away from one another.
On the labia minora, you’ll find glands known as Skene’s glands and Bartholin’s glands. These glands are responsible for the production of mucus and other lubricants. Additionally, oil glands can be found dotting the labia minora.
The reasons behind lumps and bumps in the vaginal area
It’s possible that the bumps and lumps you feel on your vagina and vulva are completely normal, or they could be an indication of a condition that needs to be checked out by a doctor. The following are ten potential factors that could be responsible for changes in the skin of your vulva and vagina.
1. Vulvar cysts
Oil glands, Bartholin’s glands, and Skene’s glands are some of the glands that can be found in your vulva. If these glands get blocked, a cyst may develop as a result. Cysts can range in size, but on average they have the consistency of small, solid lumps. In most cases, cysts do not cause any discomfort unless they get infected.
Cysts typically disappear on their own without the need for treatment. Your doctor can drain an infected cyst and may give antibiotics if there are signs of infection. If a cyst gets infected, your doctor can drain it.
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2. Cysts in the vaginal area
There are a few distinct kinds of cysts that can occur in the vagina. Cysts of the vagina are defined as solid lumps that develop on the vaginal wall. They can be as little as a pea or much smaller than that on average. The most typical kind of vaginal cyst is known as the vaginal inclusion cyst. They can sometimes appear following the delivery of a child or an injury to the vagina.
In most cases, vaginal cysts do not cause any discomfort. In most cases, they should not be a cause for concern unless they lead to discomfort during sexual activity. It may be necessary to drain vaginal cysts or have them surgically removed on occasion.
3. Fordyce spots
Sebaceous glands, also known as fordyce spots, are little white or yellow-white pimples that can be found inside your vulva. These patches can also be seen on the cheeks and lips of the affected individual. They typically make their first appearance when a person is going through puberty, and as you get older, you may find that you have more of them. The spots caused by the Fordyce are harmless and do not cause any discomfort.
Varicosities are bulging veins that can develop around your vulva and are referred to as varicosities. They occur in approximately 10 percent of pregnancies and increase with age. Around the labia minora and Majora, they manifest as bluish elevated pimples or circular veins that have ballooned up into bumps. Even if you don’t feel any pain, they might make your skin feel heavy, cause itching, or even bleed sometimes.
In most cases, pregnant women do not require treatment for their varicose veins because these veins often disappear approximately six weeks following the delivery of their babies. In following pregnancies, they frequently show up again.
It is predicted that about 4% of all women will have these conditions at some point in their lives. When worn by women who are not pregnant, they might be embarrassing or cause discomfort during sexual activity or when standing for extended periods of time. This issue can be treated by a physician who has extensive training and experience in vein surgery and treatment.
5. Hair that grows inward
The likelihood of developing ingrown pubic hair after shaving, waxing, or plucking your pubic hair is increased. This may result in the formation of a tiny, spherical bump that is occasionally unpleasant or itchy. It’s possible that the bump will become infected with pus, and the skin around it might darken as a result.
It is not recommended that you attempt to remove the ingrown hair on your own. That raises the risk of infection. In the majority of cases, it will go away on its own without therapy. Consult a physician if the inflammation worsens. It’s possible that this is a sign of an infection.
6. Vaginal skin tags
Skin tags are tiny, projecting flaps of excess skin. They won’t cause any injury or discomfort unless they get caught on anything, brush against something, or otherwise become irritated. If your skin tags are causing you discomfort, your primary care physician has the option of surgically removing them or removing them using a laser.
7. Lichen sclerosus
Lichen sclerosus is a very rare skin disorder that primarily affects women who have experienced menopause. The vulva and the area around the anus are typically the best places to look for it. Among the possible symptoms are:
itching that is often severe flaky, shiny skin that is prone to tearing easily white spots on the skin that, over time, can become patches of flaky, wrinkled skin bleeding or bruising blisters that may or may not be filled with blood pain when urinating or while engaging in sex flaky, shiny skin that is prone to tearing easily white spots on the skin that can become patches of flaky, wrinkled skin
Creams or ointments containing corticosteroids are frequently used to treat lichen sclerosus. Even after therapy, it may come back. Women who have lichen sclerosus have a marginally greater chance of developing vulvar cancer than other women.
8. Genital herpes
The herpes simplex virus is what’s responsible for an ailment known as genital herpes. Herpes can be passed on through oral, anal, or vaginal sexual contact. Herpes genitalia affects around one in every five people in the United States. People who are infected with herpes frequently are unaware that they have the condition since the symptoms are so mild.
The initial outbreak of herpes can cause symptoms that are similar to those of the flu, including the following:
fever swollen glands
painful big lesions in the vaginal region, as well as the bottom and the legs
In its later stages, genital herpes can cause the following symptoms:
tingling or itching
a number of raised red lumps that can evolve into painful pimples, blisters, minor indentations, or ulcers.
Herpes symptoms frequently improve, only to reappear at a later time. The majority of people, over time, experience fewer outbreaks that are less severe.
If you have visible sores, your doctor may be able to diagnose the condition simply by looking at them or by swabbing fluid from the sores and analyzing the fluid in a laboratory. If you do not have visible sores, your doctor may not be able to diagnose the condition.
There is currently no treatment for genital herpes; however, the intensity of symptoms and the length of time they last can be managed using antiviral medicine.
If you can see your herpes blisters, you shouldn’t engage in sexual activity. Condom use during sexual activity will dramatically lower a person’s risk of contracting the herpes virus.
9. Warts on the genital area
Infection with the human papillomavirus is what leads to the development of genital warts (HPV). They can be transmitted through both vaginal and anal sexual contact. Oral sexual contact is a much less common mode of transmission.
There are a lot of people who are unaware that they have genital warts. If you have symptoms, some of them could be as follows:
clusters of little bumps that are the same color as the skin tough patches of warts that are tightly spaced, which are sometimes characterized as looking like a cauliflower itching or burning
Genital warts can develop anywhere on your genitalia, including your vulva, anus, or vagina. There is no treatment that can permanently remove genital warts, although they can be removed by your doctor with a prescription cream, a laser, or surgery. Genital warts cannot be cured. Wart removers that are available over-the-counter are not something you should utilize.
There are certain kinds of HPV that have been linked to an increased risk of developing cervical cancer. If you have genital warts, it is imperative that you go to your primary care physician for a Pap test in order to determine the specific strain of HPV that caused them.
10: The Cancer
Cancers of the vulva and cancers of the vagina are both extremely uncommon. Cancers of the vagina are much more uncommon. The following are examples of possible symptoms of precancerous and cancerous conditions:
a skin tone that is lighter or darker than the surrounding skin thicker patches of skin discomfort, burning, or painful sores that don’t heal within a few weeks flat or raised sores or bumps on your vulva unusual bleeding or discharge
Cancer of the vulva is more prevalent in women who are of advanced age and who smoke cigarettes. If you are additionally infected with the HPV virus, you put yourself in an even more precarious position.
The identification of vulvar and vaginal malignancies requires the removal of suspicious lesions and subsequent microscopic examination of the tissue sample.
When it is recommended that you go to the doctor
If you are concerned about the way your body is changing, you should make an appointment with a physician. If you see a new lump on your body and it does not disappear after a few weeks, you should make an appointment with your primary care physician. In addition, you should go to the doctor if you are experiencing pain or if you have any indicators of infection, such as the following:
signs of a sexually transmitted disease include drainage from the lump that contains pus or blood.
Using the FindCare function on Healthline might assist you in locating an obstetrician or gynecologist in your area if you do not already have one.
Vaginal lumps frequently don’t require treatment. If they do require medical attention, the course of treatment will depend on the underlying condition.
The vast majority of vaginal bumps and lumps are treatable at home. You can assist reduce some of your symptoms by doing some of the following things:
If you have cysts, you should take hot baths multiple times each day for the next few days. It’s possible that this will assist the cysts drain.
You should try to steer clear of clothing that will irritate or chafe your vulva.
Put on some neckties made of a natural material such as cotton. Because they breathe, products made from natural materials can help keep your genital areas cool and dry. Find some underwear made of cotton.
It is quite unlikely that the lumps you feel on your vagina are anything to be concerned about. The majority of them will go gone by themselves, or they can be treated or managed at home. If you have a sexually transmitted disease, it is typically possible to manage the disease with treatment; nevertheless, it is critical to start treatment as soon as possible in order to lower your risk for complications.