Urine Color Chart What's Normal and When to See a Doctor

Urine Color Chart What’s Normal and When to See a Doctor

Urine Color Chart: What’s Normal and When to See a Doctor

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Urochrome is the term used by medical professionals to describe the typical color of a patient’s urine. Urine has a yellow color that is present naturally. When you are well hydrated, the color of your urine will be a pale yellow that is very close to being clear.

If you are beginning to become dehydrated, you may notice that the color of your urine is changing to dark amber or perhaps a light brown. Your urine’s color might be affected by the foods you eat as well as the medications you take because these pigments can be absorbed by your body and transferred through your digestive tract.

The color of your urine can occasionally be an indicator of a health problem that requires immediate medical attention.

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Urine colors

The color of a person’s urine can change based on a number of factors, including the foods they eat, any medications they take, and the amount of water they consume. Even while many of these hues fall within the spectrum of what is considered “normal” for pee to appear, there are situations in which urine that is an uncommon color could be cause for concern.

Clear urine

If you have pee that is clear, it means that you are getting the adequate amount of water that you need each day.

Even while it’s important to stay hydrated, consuming an excessive amount of water might cause your body to lose electrolytes. Urine that appears clear only rarely is not cause for alarm; however, urine that appears clear all of the time may be an indication that you need to reduce the amount of water that you consume each day.

Cirrhosis and viral hepatitis are two examples of liver conditions that might be indicated by urine that is clear. If you are not drinking a lot of water but your urine is always clear, you need to make an appointment with your primary care physician.

Urine ranging in color from yellow to orange

The color of “normal” urine can range from a pale yellow to a darker amber hue, with most falling somewhere in between. As you consume more water, the naturally occurring urochrome pigment that is found in your urine will become more diluted.

The breakdown of hemoglobin, the protein in your red blood cells that transports oxygen around your body, results in the production of urochrome in your body. The degree to which this pigment has been diluted will, in the majority of instances, determine the color of your urine.

A bright yellow color may also occur in the urine of a person who has an abundance of B vitamins in their circulation.

Urine that is pink or red

Foods. If you eat fruits that naturally contain pigments that are deep pink or magenta in color, such as:




Medical conditions. Even if the color of your urine could be related to something you consumed not too long ago, there are other possible explanations as well. Hematuria is the medical term that refers to the presence of blood in the urine, which can be caused by a number of different medical disorders, including the following:

enlarged prostate

kidney stones

malignancies in both the kidney and the bladder

Medications. Senna or laxatives containing senna, phenazopyridine (Pyridium), and the antibiotic rifampin are examples of medications that have the potential to cause pink or crimson discoloration of urine.

If you ever notice blood in your urine and are concerned about it, consult a medical professional.

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Orange urine

Dehydration. If your pee has an orange color to it, this may be a sign that you are dehydrated.

Concerns relating to one’s health. It is possible that bile is entering your circulation if you have orange-colored pee in addition to having feces that are light in color. This could be the result of problems with your bile ducts or liver. Jaundice that develops in adults can also lead to urine that is orange in color.

Medications. Some medications, such as phenazopyridine (Pyridium), the anti-inflammatory medication sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), and chemotherapy treatments, may cause your urine to have an orange color.

Blue or green urine

Urine that is blue in color is extremely unusual and almost often the result of a problem with the diet.

Food. Food coloring, particularly a dye known as methylene blue, is one potential cause of urine that is blue or green in color. This coloring agent can be found in a wide variety of candies as well as in some pharmaceuticals.

Medications. Cimetidine (brand name: Tagamet), amitriptyline (brand name: Indocin), indomethacin (brand name: Indocin), promethazine (brand name: Phenergan), and B vitamin supplements are examples of medications that might induce abnormally colored urine.

Medical procedures. It is also possible that the dyes used in the medical tests that were conducted on your kidneys or bladder caused this condition.

Concerns relating to one’s health. The bacterial infection caused by pseudomonas aeruginosa can also cause your urine to turn a variety of colors, including blue, green, and even a deep indigo purple.

Additionally, a disorder known as familial benign hypercalcemia can lead to urine that is blue or green in color. If you have this illness, you may notice that your urine has low to moderate calcium levels, which can cause a change in the color of your urine. Many individuals who have this hereditary disorder do not have any symptoms that they are aware of.

Urine with a dark brown hue

Urine that is almost black in color is almost always an indication of dehydration.

Medications. Metronidazole (Flagyl) and nitrofurantoin (Furadantin), chloroquine (Aralen), cascara or senna-based laxatives, and methocarbamol are some examples of drugs that might cause dark brown urine as a side effect.

Foods. Consuming significant quantities of rhubarb, aloe, or fava beans may result in urine that is a dark brown color.

Concerns relating to one’s health. A disorder known as porphyria can produce an accumulation of the body’s natural chemicals in the bloodstream, which can result in urine that is rusty or brown in color. If bile is leaking into your urine, you may have dark brown urine, which is another sign of liver illness. Dark brown urine can be caused by liver disease.

Exercise. Exertional hematuria is what happens when someone has dark brown urine as a result of intense physical activity, notably running. This is not an uncommon occurrence at all. After a period of rest, your urine will normally return to its normal color within a few hours if it is dark because of exertion. If your urine turns a dark brown color after exercise on a regular basis or if it does not return to its usual color after 48 hours, you should consult a medical professional about the probable underlying reasons for the condition.

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Urine that is cloudy.

Concerns relating to one’s health. An infection of the urinary system might be indicated by urine that is cloudy. Additionally, it may be a manifestation of certain persistent disorders as well as kidney ailments. Another symptom of being dehydrated is having urine that is hazy in some circumstances.

If you are pregnant and your urine is hazy, this could be an indication that you have a potentially life-threatening illness called preeclampsia. During your pregnancy, if you notice that your urine has become hazy or bubbly, you should get in touch with your healthcare provider as soon as possible and let them know about it.

Pneumaturia is the medical term for cloudy urine that contains foam or bubbles. This symptom may be present in more serious illnesses, such as Crohn’s disease or diverticulitis, which both affect the digestive tract.

In certain patients, the doctors are unable to pinpoint what causes their urine to have a frothy consistency.

When should one go to the doctor?

You need to see a doctor as soon as possible if your urine is:

bright pink or dark red (this can be a sign of a serious health condition)

orange (which can be a symptom of kidney and bladder disease)


The majority of the time, unusual urine colors are caused by something as simple as dehydration, something you ate, or a negative reaction to a prescription that you are taking. After seeing a strange hue in your urine, it should return to its normal color within two to three days at the most.

Make an appointment to see a doctor as soon as possible if your urine is hazy, brown, blue, or green and does not return to the color of pale straw after passing the test.

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