Adderall XR – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (also known as ADHD) can be treated with the use of this medication combination. It does this by altering the levels of certain naturally occurring chemicals already present in the brain. Stimulants are the general name for the category of medications that include both amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It has the potential to improve your capacity to pay attention, maintain concentration on an activity, and exert self-control over problematic behaviours. You might also find that it improves your listening skills and helps you better manage your duties.
The correct way to take Adderall XR
Before beginning to take amphetamine or dextroamphetamine, as well as whenever you get a refill on your prescription, make sure you have read both the Patient Information Leaflet and the Medication Guide that your pharmacist has given you. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.
You should take this medication orally as advised by your physician, usually just once daily in the morning. It can be taken with or without food. You have the option of taking this medication with or without meals; however, it is imperative that you choose one method and adhere to it with each and every dose of this medication. If you take this medication after midday, you may have problems falling or staying asleep (insomnia).
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Take the capsules with a full glass of water. Do not chew or shatter the capsules in your mouth. This can cause the medicine to be released all at once, which raises the likelihood of experiencing adverse effects. If you have trouble swallowing this medication in its entirety, you may choose to sprinkle the full contents of a capsule into a small amount of applesauce shortly before taking it. This should be done soon before you take the drug. Take the concoction in one swallow right away. You shouldn’t chew the mixture, and you shouldn’t keep it to use at a later time. After taking each dose, have a full glass of drink.
Your current health status and how well you respond to treatment will determine the appropriate dosage. Your dose may need to be adjusted so that you get the most benefit out of the medication. Be sure to pay close attention to the directions that your doctor gives you.
Make sure you take this medication as directed for it to have the desired effect. Take it at the same time every day so that you don’t forget when you’re supposed to.
During the course of treatment, your physician may occasionally suggest that you temporarily cease taking the medication in order to assess whether or not there have been any changes in your behaviour and whether or not you still require the drug.
If you suddenly stop using this drug, you run the risk of experiencing withdrawal symptoms, which can include extreme fatigue, trouble sleeping, and mental or emotional shifts such as sadness. Your doctor may carefully reduce your dosage in order to assist you to avoid withdrawal symptoms. If you have used this drug for a long period or in large dosages, you have an increased risk of experiencing withdrawal symptoms. Notify your healthcare provider or pharmacist as soon as possible if you have withdrawal symptoms.
It is possible that the effectiveness of this drug will diminish after prolonged use. Talk to your healthcare provider if you notice that this drug is no longer functioning well.
This prescription, despite the fact that it helps a large number of people, can sometimes lead to addiction. If you have a substance use disorder, such as excessive drug or alcohol use or addiction, your risk may be significantly increased for this condition. Never take your medication in larger amounts, more frequently, or for a longer period of time than directed by your doctor. When instructed to do so, withdraw from the drug in the correct manner.
If your situation does not improve or if it gets worse, you should let your doctor know.
It is possible for patients to have a reduction in appetite, a loss of weight, dry mouth, stomach upset or pain, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, headache, diarrhoea, fever, agitation, and difficulty sleeping. Notify your doctor as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
It is possible that this drug will cause an increase in your blood pressure. Regularly checking your blood pressure and reporting any excessive readings to your physician is important.
Notify your physician as soon as possible if you experience any serious side effects, including but not limited to the following: unusual wounds on the fingers or toes, signs of blood flow problems in the fingers or toes (such as coldness, numbness, pain, or skin colour changes), unusual wounds on the fingers or toes, mental/mood/behaviour changes (such as agitation, aggression, mood swings, depression, abnormal thoughts, thoughts of suicide), uncontrolled (in males).
If you experience any very serious side effects, such as difficulty breathing, pain in the chest, jaw, or left arm, fainting, severe headache, fast/pounding/irregular heartbeat, seizures, weakness on one side of the body, trouble speaking, confusion, swelling in the ankles and feet, extreme tiredness, or blurred vision, seek immediate medical attention.
This medicine has the potential to raise serotonin levels, as well as the risk of a potentially fatal disease known as serotonin syndrome or poisoning. The danger is increased if you are also taking other medications that boost serotonin levels; thus, you should inform your physician or pharmacist of all the medications you now take (see Drug Interactions section). You should seek immediate medical attention if you have any of the following symptoms: a rapid heartbeat, hallucinations, lack of coordination, severe dizziness, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhoea, twitching muscles, unexplained fever, unusual agitation or restlessness.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you detect any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
Inform your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to this medication, to any other sympathomimetic drugs (such as lisdexamfetamine), or if you have any other allergies before beginning treatment with this medication. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
If you have a history of certain mental or mood conditions, such as agitation or psychosis, or a personal or family history of mental or mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder, depression, psychotic disorder, or suicidal thoughts, you should discuss this with your doctor or pharmacist before using this medication. This is especially important if you have blood circulation problems, such as Raynaud’s disease; heart problems, such as irregular heartbeat or rhythm, coronary artery disease, heart failure, cardiomy.
This medicine may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you dizzier. Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do it safely. Reduce your intake of alcoholic beverages. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
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Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
It is possible that children are more vulnerable to the adverse effects of this medication, particularly the loss of weight. A youngster using this drug can experience a slowed rate of growth. In order to lower the patient’s exposure to this danger, the attending physician might suggest periodically pausing treatment for a limited time. Keep an eye on your child’s weight as well as their height. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
Pain in the chest, difficulty sleeping, and decreased appetite are only some of the potential adverse effects of this medication that may be more severe in elderly patients.
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages. Babies whose moms are reliant on this medicine may be born too soon (prematurely) and have a low birth weight if they are born them. They may also be experiencing signs of withdrawal. Notify your child’s physician as soon as possible if you observe any possible changes in their mood, irritability, or unusual weariness in your infant.
This medicine is excreted into breast milk and may have unintended consequences for an infant who is being breastfed. While using this medication, it is not advised that you breastfeed your child. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
Taking MAO inhibitors in conjunction with this medication may result in severe drug interaction, which could even be fatal. During your course of treatment with this drug, you should refrain from using any MAO inhibitors, including isocarboxazid, linezolid, metaxalone, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, safinamide, selegiline, and tranylcypromine. It is also not recommended to use any MAO inhibitors for a period of two weeks prior to beginning therapy with this drug. Inquire with your physician regarding the appropriate time to begin or stop using this medicine.
Certain items contain components that might speed up your heart rate or increase your blood pressure. Inform your pharmacist about the products you are currently utilising and inquire about the safest way to do so (especially cough-and-cold products or diet aids).
If you are also taking other drugs that enhance serotonin, you put yourself at a greater risk of developing serotonin syndrome or serotonin poisoning. Street drugs such as MDMA or “ecstasy,” the herb St. John’s wort, and certain antidepressants (such as SSRIs like fluoxetine/paroxetine and SNRIs like duloxetine/venlafaxine) are a few examples of what are considered to be examples. When you first begin taking these medications or raise your dosage, you may be putting yourself at a greater risk of developing serotonin syndrome or serotonin poisoning.
The effects of dextroamphetamine and lisdexamfetamine are fairly comparable. When you are under the influence of dextroamphetamine, you should avoid taking any medicines that include lisdexamfetamine.
This medicine has the potential to interfere with a variety of medical and laboratory tests, including those that measure the levels of steroids in the blood and urine, as well as brain scans for Parkinson’s disease. This could result in inaccurate test findings. Ensure that the employees in the laboratory and all of your doctors are aware that you are using this medication.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control centre. To reach the poison control centre for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control centre. A severe headache that does not go away, severe changes in mental status or mood, convulsions, extreme restlessness, and rapid breathing are some of the symptoms that may accompany an overdose.
You should not switch brands of this medication or the dosage form that you take it in without first seeing your physician or pharmacist. The effectiveness of this drug can vary depending on the formulation taken.
It is imperative that you do not provide this medication to anyone else. It is against the law to give it away.
It is possible that you will be subjected to periodic laboratory and/or medical tests (including monitoring of your blood pressure, heart rate, and growth in the case of children) in order to track your progress or look for any adverse effects. Consult your doctor for additional details.
In the event that you forget to take a dose, it is best to do so first thing in the morning. If it is after midday or you are getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.