Why Is My Period Late? Reasons, Causes, and What To Know

Why Is My Period Late? Reasons, Causes, and What To Know

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How much of a delay is normal in periods?

Are you concerned about a delayed period but are certain that you are not pregnant? There are several factors besides pregnancy that might cause a woman to miss her period or have it arrive late. Hormonal imbalances and more serious medical disorders are also potential causes of common diseases.

Additionally, there are two occasions in your life when it is usual for your period to be irregular: the first time it starts, and the first few years of the transition into menopause. Your period may become unpredictable as your body goes through the shift from one stage to the next.

The majority of women who have not yet entered menopause typically experience their period once every 28 days, on average. On the other hand, the average length of time between periods for healthy women might range anywhere from 21 to 40 days. In the event that your period does not fall within the aforementioned parameters, there are a few potential explanations that might be considered.

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1. Stress

Your hormones, your daily routine, and even the area of your brain that is responsible for regulating your period can all be thrown off by chronic stress. The hypothalamus is the part of your brain that is responsible for this regulation. Your cycle may be thrown off if you become ill over time or experience a sudden gain or loss of weight, both of which can be caused by stress.

If you think that stress may be causing your period to be irregular, you should consider practising relaxation techniques and making changes to your lifestyle.

Because chronic stress can also have an effect on other health concerns that you are already managing, resolving it either on your own or with the assistance of a trained medical expert should be considered an essential component of taking care of your overall health.

2. Low body weight

Those who struggle with eating disorders like anorexia nervosa or bulimia may have cycles that are disrupted in some way. Losing an excessive amount of weight might lead to periods that are irregular, and it may even cause your cycle to stop entirely. Ovulation can be temporarily halted when there is insufficient fat in the body.

Your cycle can be brought back to its usual length if you obtain therapy for your eating disorder and come to a place where your body fat is ideal again.

Individuals who engage in strenuous physical activity such as running marathons are at an increased risk of experiencing cycle abnormalities.

3. Obesity

Living with high body weight can induce anomalies in hormone production in the same way that living with low body weight can produce alterations in hormones.

An excess of oestrogen, which plays a crucial role in reproduction, can be produced by the body as a result of obesity in excessive amounts. An excessive amount of oestrogen can create disruptions in your menstrual cycle and possibly cause you to completely stop having periods.

If your doctor has decided that your obesity is a cause of your late or skipped periods, they may recommend that you reduce weight by making adjustments to your lifestyle, such as concentrating on meals that are high in nutrients and engaging in physical activity.

4. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

The disorder known as a polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one that leads to an increase in the amount of testosterone that is produced by the body. As a consequence of this hormonal disproportion, cysts may develop on the ovaries. Ovulation may become erratic or may cease entirely as a result of this condition.

Alterations can also occur in the levels of other hormones, such as insulin. This is because insulin resistance is frequently associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

The relief of symptoms is the primary goal of treatment for PCOS. In order to assist in the regulation of your cycle, your physician may prescribe birth control or another drug.

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5. Methods of contraception

When you start or stop using birth control, you can notice a difference in your menstrual cycle. The hormones oestrogen and progestin used in birth control pills suppress your ovaries’ natural egg-releasing processes, thereby preventing pregnancy. After you stop taking the pill, it may take up to three months for your cycle to return to normal before it becomes predictable again.

Other kinds of contraception, such as those that are implanted or injected, are also capable of causing women to skip their periods.

6. Ailments of a long-term nature

There are a number of conditions, including diabetes and celiac disease, that have the potential to influence a woman’s menstrual cycle. Because fluctuations in blood sugar are connected to variations in hormone levels, uncontrolled diabetes may cause your menstruation to become irregular, despite the fact that this is a relatively uncommon occurrence.

Inflammation brought on by celiac disease can cause damage to the small intestine, which may hinder your body from absorbing essential nutrients. Because of this, trusted source patients may experience missed periods or irregular periods.

Other chronic illnesses, such as those listed below, may also cause cycle anomalies.

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The syndrome of Cushing

congenital adrenal hyperplasia

The syndrome of Asherman

7. Ovarian insufficiency brought on by premature onset (POI)

Menopause often begins somewhere between the ages of 45 and 55 for women who have vaginas. Those who begin having symptoms around the age of 40 or earlier may be going through premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), which is another name for early natural menopause.

A woman in the United States may suffer POI if she is one of the approximately 1 percent who does. This syndrome can be caused by the surgical removal of the ovaries; however, other factors, such as hereditary abnormalities and autoimmune problems, can also play a role in its development.

If you are under the age of 40 and have not had a period for an extended length of time, you should speak with your primary care physician about the possibility of POI testing and treatment.

8. problems with the thyroid

A thyroid gland that is either hyperactive or underactive could potentially be the cause of a period that is late or missed entirely.

Since the thyroid is responsible for regulating the metabolism, hormone levels might also be altered when it malfunctions. In most cases, thyroid problems can be remedied with the use of medicine. After finishing therapy, it is likely that your menstruation will resume its regular cycle.

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When you should go see your physician.

If your periods seem to be irregular, or if you’ve missed a period but you’re certain that you’re not pregnant, it’s a good idea to talk with your doctor as soon as possible. There are a variety of conditions and reasons that could be causing the problem, and it’s important to rule out all of these possibilities before proceeding.

Your primary care physician is the best person to provide an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your late or missed period and to discuss the available treatment options with you. Maintain a log of the changes that occur in both your menstrual cycle and any other aspects of your health if at all possible. They will be able to arrive at a diagnosis with the help of this.

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, you should get medical attention right once or dial 911:

fever heavy bleeding that is unusually heavy fever

severe pain nausea and vomiting bleeding that last longer than seven days bleeding after you’ve reached menopause and have not had periods for at least a year extreme pain nausea and vomiting bleeding after you’ve entered menopause and have not had periods for at least a year.


Each individual’s menstrual cycle is distinct in its own right, just as each person is unique. The average length of a cycle is 28 days, however, the number of days in a cycle can range anywhere from 28 to 40.

Occasional cycle irregularities can be caused by a wide range of factors, including chronic stress, weight loss or gain, changes in body composition, and stopping or beginning the use of birth control.

It is recommended that you consult your physician as soon as possible if you have observed that your menstrual cycle has become irregular in the recent past or if you have missed a period despite being absolutely certain that you are not pregnant. The sooner they are able to arrive at a diagnosis, the sooner you will be able to begin the process of getting your cycle back under control.

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