Valsartan – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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Valsartan is a medication that is prescribed to patients who suffer from excessive blood pressure and heart failure. Additionally, it is used to improve the chances of surviving a heart attack for a longer period of time.
It is also possible that it will reduce the likelihood of individuals with heart failure going to the hospital because of their condition. Angiotensin receptor blockers are the category of medications that valsartan is classified under (ARBs). It achieves this by relaxing the blood vessels, which in turn allows for easier circulation of the blood. Strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems can all be avoided by treating high blood pressure and lowering it.
The correct way to take valsartan
Before beginning treatment with valsartan and whenever you get a refill on your prescription, make sure to read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist if one is provided. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.
Take this drug exactly as instructed by your physician, either orally with meals or on an empty stomach, usually once or twice daily. Your current health status and how well you respond to treatment will determine the appropriate dosage. When it comes to youngsters, the dosage is also determined by the child’s weight.
If you are taking this medication in liquid form, you will need to measure the amount with a special measuring instrument or spoon to ensure accurate dosing. You should not use a regular spoon since you run the risk of not getting the right amount. Before administering each dose, give the bottle a good shake for at least ten seconds if it contains a suspension in its liquid form.
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Make sure you take this medication as directed for it to have the desired effect. Take it at the same time(s) every day so that you won’t forget when to take it. Continue taking this medication even if you don’t feel like you need it. The majority of people who have hypertension do not report feeling ill.
Notify your physician if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse (for example, your blood pressure readings remain high or increase).
As your body responds to the medicine, you may experience symptoms such as dizziness or lightheadedness. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
When rising from a seated or laying position, it is important to do so carefully in order to limit the likelihood of experiencing dizziness and lightheadedness.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
Notify your physician as soon as possible if you have any major adverse effects, such as passing out or showing signs of having a high potassium blood level (such as having weak muscles or a slow or irregular pulse).
Although valsartan may be used to treat patients who already have renal problems or to prevent kidney problems from occurring in the first place, there is a small chance that it could also induce major kidney problems or make them worse. While you are on valsartan, your primary care physician will monitor how well your kidneys are functioning. Notify your primary care physician as soon as possible if you notice any symptoms of kidney disease, such as a change in the amount of urine you produce.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you observe any symptoms of a major allergic response, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms include:
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
Inform your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to valsartan, or if you have any additional allergies, before beginning treatment with valsartan. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this drug, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of liver illness, dehydration, or a high blood potassium level.
This medicine may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you dizzier. Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do so safely. Reduce your intake of alcoholic beverages. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
It’s possible that this drug will raise your potassium levels. Consult your primary care physician or a pharmacist before beginning the use of any potassium supplements or salt replacements that include potassium.
Products that are liquid could have either sugar or aspartame in them. If you have diabetes, phenylketonuria (PKU), or any other condition that requires you to limit or avoid these ingredients in your diet, you should exercise caution when consuming this food.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
Inform your physician if you are pregnant or if you want to become pregnant in the near future. While using valsartan, you should avoid getting pregnant at all costs. Valsartan may harm an unborn infant. If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, you should talk to your doctor as soon as possible about the potential dangers and advantages of doing so. Consult your doctor for additional details. (Be sure to also check out the Caution section.)
It is not known whether this medication is found in breast milk. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
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Aliskiren, lithium, and medications that may increase the level of potassium in the blood (such as ACE inhibitors including benazepril/lisinopril and birth control pills containing drospirenone) are examples of the types of products that have the potential to have an adverse interaction with this medication.
Certain goods contain components that can cause an increase in your blood pressure or make your heart failure symptoms worse. Tell your pharmacist what products you are using and ask for instructions on how to use them safely. This is especially important for over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and naproxen.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control center. To reach the poison control center for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Extreme lightheadedness and fainting are two of the possible symptoms of an overdose.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
Changes in lifestyle, such as increased physical activity, giving up smoking, and consuming a diet low in cholesterol and fat, may improve the effectiveness of this medicine. Consult your doctor for additional details.
While you are taking this medicine, you should have medical and/or laboratory tests (such as kidney function tests and potassium level checks) done regularly. Make sure you don’t miss any of your doctor or lab appointments.
While you are taking this medicine, you should have your blood pressure checked on a frequent basis. Figure out how to check your own blood pressure at home and discuss the results with your primary care provider.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
This drug should be kept at room temperature, away from light and moisture, and in a dry place. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
If you are taking this prescription in the form of a suspension, you can keep it at room temperature for up to 30 days, or you can keep it in refrigerated for up to 75 days. Do not freeze.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.