Sitagliptin Tablet – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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In addition to a healthy diet and regular exercise, as well as other drugs, sitagliptin may be prescribed to patients in order to bring their blood sugar levels under control. It is prescribed to patients who have type 2 diabetes. Keeping high blood sugar under control can help prevent kidney disease, blindness, nerve difficulties, limb loss, and problems with sexual function. Keeping your diabetes under control may also reduce your chance of suffering a heart attack or stroke. Sitagliptin is a medication for diabetes that works by raising the body’s levels of naturally occurring molecules known as incretins. Incretins have a role in the regulation of blood sugar by boosting the release of insulin, particularly after a meal. They also bring about a reduction in the amount of sugar that your liver produces.
Instructions for Taking the Sitagliptin Tablet
Before beginning treatment with sitagliptin and whenever you get a refill for your prescription, be sure you have read the Patient Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.
It is recommended that you take this medication orally once daily, either with or without meals, as instructed by your physician.
Your medical condition, renal function, and how well you respond to treatment will all play a role in determining the appropriate dosage. It is important to maintain consistent use of this drug in order to get the most out of it. Take it at the same time every day so that you don’t forget when you’re supposed to. Be sure to adhere to the prescribed medical treatment plan, meal plan, and exercise program that your physician has outlined for you.
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Your doctor should advise you to perform regular checks on your blood sugar. Keep a record of the results and discuss them with your primary care physician. If your blood sugar readings are excessively high or too low, you should discuss this with your primary care physician. It’s possible that your dosage or therapy will need to be adjusted.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
Although sitagliptin does not typically induce low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) when taken alone, hypoglycemia can still occur when this drug is combined with other diabetic medication and taken as directed. Have a discussion about the possibility of reducing the dosage of your other diabetic medication(s) with your primary care physician or your pharmacist.
Low blood sugar can cause a variety of symptoms, including abrupt sweating, shivering, a rapid heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling in the hands and feet. When treating low blood sugar, it is a recommended practice to always have glucose tablets or gel on hand. In the event that you do not own these dependable sources of glucose, you can quickly elevate your blood sugar by consuming a source of sugar that digests quickly, such as table sugar, honey, or sweets; alternatively, you can drink fruit juice or regular soda. Immediately discuss the reaction with your attending physician. It is more probable that you will experience low blood sugar if you eat a big amount of alcohol, if you engage in exercise that is exceptionally strenuous, or if you do not ingest enough calories from food. Eating meals on a regular schedule and avoiding skipping meals are two things you may do to help prevent low blood sugar. If you don’t eat for a while, you should talk to your primary care physician or your pharmacist about what you should do.
The condition known as hyperglycemia is characterized by symptoms such as thirst, increased urination, confusion, tiredness, flushing, fast breathing, and a fruity stench emanating from the breath. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible. It is possible that your diabetic medication will need to be adjusted by your doctor (s).
Notify your physician as soon as possible if you experience any serious adverse effects, such as signs of kidney problems (such as a change in the amount of urine), joint pain, skin blisters that are unusual, and signs of heart failure (such as shortness of breath, swelling in the ankles and feet, unusual tiredness, and unusual or sudden weight gain).
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any very significant side effects, such as indications of pancreatitis (including persistent nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, and severe stomach, abdomen, or back pain).
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you have any of the following signs of a major allergic reaction: a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
Inform your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to sitagliptin, or if you have any additional allergies before beginning treatment with sitagliptin. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this drug, it is important to discuss your medical history with your primary care physician or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of renal disease, heart failure, disease of the pancreas (pancreatitis), or stones in your gallbladder (gallstones).
If your blood sugar is either low or extremely high, you may suffer symptoms such as blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. Do not operate a motor vehicle, or any machinery, or engage in any activity that demands alertness or clear eyesight until you have established that you are capable of carrying out such activities in a secure manner.
While you are taking this medicine, you should limit your use of alcohol since it may increase the likelihood that you will experience low blood sugar.
When your body is under stress, it could make it more difficult to maintain proper management of your blood sugar (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Talk to your healthcare provider because your elevated stress levels can call for an adjustment to your treatment plan, medications, or blood sugar monitoring.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Diabetes is a condition that could be brought on by pregnancy or made worse by it. Talk to your prenatal care provider about developing a strategy for keeping your blood sugar under control while you are expecting. During your pregnancy, your diabetes treatment may be altered at your doctor’s discretion. Examine the potential drawbacks and advantages of each therapy option (such as diet, exercise, and medications including insulin).
It is not known whether or whether this medication is found in breast milk. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
Beta-blocker drugs, such as metoprolol, propranolol, and glaucoma eye drops such as timolol, have the potential to prevent the rapid and pounding heartbeat that you would normally experience when your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia). These medications have no effect on the other symptoms of low blood sugar, such as dizziness, hunger, or sweating, but they can make you sweat more.
There are numerous medicines that can have an effect on your blood sugar, making it more difficult to control. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the potential effects every medicine you take could have on your blood sugar before you begin, stop, or change any medication you are already taking. Check your blood sugar on a regular basis as instructed by your doctor, and then discuss the results with them. If you experience any symptoms of high or low blood sugar, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible. (For more information, see the section on Side Effects.) It’s possible that your diabetic medication, exercise routine, or diet will need to be adjusted by your doctor.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control center. To reach the poison control center for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.
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It is imperative that you do not provide this medication to anyone else.
Always be on time for your medical visits. Before beginning therapy, you should have a series of laboratory and/or medical tests (such as tests of kidney function, blood glucose, and hemoglobin A1c) conducted. These tests should also be repeated frequently to evaluate your progress or to check for any side effects.
Attend a diabetes education session to gain a better understanding of how to control your diabetes through the use of medications, a healthy diet, physical activity, and frequent checkups with a doctor.
Acquaint yourself with the signs of high and low blood sugar, as well as the treatments for low blood sugar. Make sure you keep a close eye on your blood sugar levels as instructed.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realize you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighborhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.