Ridges in Fingernails Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Ridges in Fingernails: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Ridges in Fingernails: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

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Ridges on your fingernails could be caused by a number of different things, including stress, kidney disease, or thyroid disease. Ridges on fingernails are typically not a cause for concern.

The condition of your health can be discerned quite a bit from looking at your fingernails. The development of ridges, either vertical or horizontal, is a change that frequently takes place. Find out more about the causes of ridges in fingernails and the possible interpretations of their presence.

The nails have ridges that run vertically.

The furrows that make up vertical ridges can be found running from the very tip of your fingernail all the way down to the cuticle. They are also referred to as bands or striations in the longitudinal direction.

According to research that was conducted in 2015, older persons tend to have tiny vertical ridges in their fingernails, which may be the result of a slower rate of cell turnover. When this happens, the new skin cells that were produced deeper in the dermis of your skin rise to the surface to take the place of the dead cells that were shed from the surface.

If you also suffer other symptoms, such as changes in the color or texture of your nails, it is possible that this is due to a medical problem. According to research that was conducted in 2016, the ridges in trachyonychia (also known as twenty-nail dystrophy) may appear glossy or brittle.

Anemia caused by a lack of iron can also cause other symptoms, including the development of vertical ridges on the nails and alterations that cause the nails to take on a spoon-like form.

Ridges that run horizontally across the nails

According to research that was conducted in 2018, Trusted Source found that deep horizontal ridges, often known as Beau’s lines, are frequently signs of a dangerous disease. It is possible that they will really halt the growth of the nail until the underlying issue is treated. If Beau’s lines are visible, there is also a possibility that acute renal illness is occurring.

According to the study that was done in 2015

when Beau’s lines appear on all 20 of his nails, it may be a symptom of the following conditions:

the measles, parathyroid disease, uncontrolled diabetes, syphilis, respiratory disorders, infections that induce prolonged high fevers, and zinc insufficiency are other examples.

The use of chemotherapy is another potential cause of Beau’s lines.

When your nails are injured, you may develop red or brown spots underneath them. These spots can be unsightly. If you have not recently suffered any nail trauma and see a dark brown, black, or red color change under your nails, this may be a symptom of a more serious condition, such as endocarditis or melanoma.

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Identifying the underlying cause of ridges on the fingernails

Alterations in your nail bed should be checked out by a medical professional. In the event that you sustained an injury that caused damage to your nail, you can wait a few weeks to observe how the nail and the rest of your finger recover before deciding whether or not to consult a medical professional.

If the accident does result in any of the following, however, you should make an appointment with a medical professional as soon as possible:

a cut across your nail, either smooth or jagged.

a shattered nail fragment

a torn nail that causes bleeding under the other nails in your hand

Your physician will examine your nails and inquire about any additional symptoms you may be experiencing while you are there for your consultation.

If they have reason to think that you have kidney disease, diabetes, or nutritional deficiencies, your doctor may conduct blood and urine testing.

A dermatologist will be able to provide you with a treatment plan if it appears that the ridges on your skin are the consequence of a skin disorder.

If the reason for the ridges on your fingernails is unknown, your dermatologist may suggest that you have some fingernail clippings taken and sent to a lab to be examined for indications of infection.

Fingernail ridges that need to be treated

The underlying reason for the abnormalities in your nails is addressed during treatment because ridges in the fingernails are frequently indicators of various health conditions. If you have diabetes and have developed Beau’s lines on your fingernails as a result of your condition, for instance, successfully managing your blood sugar may help lessen the appearance of these ridges.

Moisturizers or topical ointments may be used as part of the treatment for skin disorders like eczema, which are both intended to alleviate the symptoms of eczema. Altering your diet or using dietary supplements may be recommended to you if it is determined that you have insufficient amounts of minerals or vitamins in your body.

Consult a dermatologist for direction regarding the treatment of your nails. You’ll want to exercise extreme caution so that you don’t make things any worse.

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Ridges in Fingernails Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
Ridges in Fingernails Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments


The development of ridges in the fingernails is almost always an indication that the person is getting older. However, it is essential to pay attention to the ridges on your fingernails as well as any other changes in your nails. These symptoms could be the beginning stages of a more serious medical condition.


What does it signify if your nails have ridges?

Ridges on your nails are often harmless but can occasionally indicate more serious problems. The presence of vertical ridges is frequently a symptom of advanced age. Issues such as malnutrition, major nail injury, or even Beau’s lines might be indicated by horizontal ridges on the nail plate.

What causes the nails to have ridges?

According to research from the year 2022, ridges in the nails are typically the result of age but can also be an indication of inappropriate nail care, nail trauma, vitamin deficiency, or even a more serious medical disease.

What vitamins should I take if I want to prevent my nails from becoming ridges?

Iron, zinc, vitamins A, C, and D, in addition to vitamins C and D, are among the vitamins that are beneficial to the health of nails. Biotin is also highly recommended to aid with nail health, according to a study from 2018 published in Trusted Source; however, additional research is still required to fully comprehend the true benefits of using biotin.

Is it possible to buff the ridges out of nails?

To get rid of ridges on your nails, some physicians recommend giving them a light buffing. On the other hand, it is recommended that you continue to moisturize your nails, keep them trimmed, and consult a dermatologist for any further considerations you may have.


Age often manifests itself in the form of ridges in the fingernails. In older folks, the skin may acquire fine lines and ridges vertically.

Ridges can be a warning indication of a number of different health conditions, including diabetes and vitamin deficiencies. A significant condition may be indicated by the presence of deep horizontal ridges known as Beau’s lines.

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