Metronidazole – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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The antibiotic known as metronidazole is effective in the treatment of a wide variety of different infections. It achieves its effect by inhibiting the multiplication of specific bacteria and parasites. This antibiotic is only effective for treating illnesses caused by specific bacteria and parasites. Infections caused by viruses are immune to their effects (such as common cold, and flu). The administration of any antibiotic when it is not necessary can render that drug ineffective against subsequent illnesses. In the treatment of certain stomach and intestinal ulcers brought on by bacteria, metronidazole may also be used in combination with other drugs (H. pylori).
How to use Metronidazole
Consume this drug by mouth and follow your physician’s instructions. Take this drug with food, a full glass of water, or a glass of milk to avoid upsetting your stomach when you take it. Your current health status and how well you respond to treatment will determine the appropriate dosage.
It is recommended that you take this antibiotic at regular intervals to have the optimum results. Always take this prescription at the same time(s) of day, as this will make it easier for you to remember.
Even if your symptoms have subsided after a few days, you should keep taking this medication as directed until the complete amount that was recommended has been consumed. It is possible that a relapse of the infection will occur if the medicine is discontinued too soon.
Notify your primary care physician if your issue persists or worsens.
It is possible that you will experience symptoms such as dizziness, headache, stomach trouble, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, constipation, or a taste of metal in your mouth. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
Because of this drug, the colour of your urine could become more profound. This side effect is very safe and will go away as soon as the medicine is discontinued.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
If you experience any serious adverse effects, including signs of a new infection (such as a sore throat that doesn’t go away, fever), easy bruising or bleeding, stomach/abdominal pain, or painful urination, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.
If you experience any very serious side effects, such as unsteadiness, seizures, mental or mood changes (such as confusion), trouble speaking, numbness or tingling in the arms or legs, eye pain, sudden changes in vision, a headache that is severe or doesn’t go away, stiff or painful neck, get medical help as soon as possible.
If you use this medication for an extended period of time or if you use it frequently, you may develop oral thrush or a new yeast infection. If you see white patches in your mouth, a change in your vaginal discharge, or any other new symptoms, make an appointment with your primary care physician.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you detect any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
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Inform your physician or pharmacist that you are allergic to metronidazole, as well as to any other antibiotics (such as tinidazole), or if you have any additional allergies before beginning treatment with metronidazole. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this medication, it is important that you discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of conditions such as liver disease, kidney disease, certain blood disorders (low blood cell counts), or a certain rare genetic disorder (Cockayne syndrome).
While you are taking this medication and for at least three days after you have finished taking it, you should avoid consuming alcoholic beverages and products that contain propylene glycol. These things can cause severe stomach upset and cramping, as well as nausea, vomiting, headache, and flushing.
This medicine may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you dizzier. Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do it safely. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
It is possible that taking metronidazole will impair the effectiveness of live bacterial vaccinations, such as those used to prevent typhoid fever. Before receiving any vaccines or vaccinations, you should disclose to your health care provider that you are currently taking metronidazole.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages.
This drug is found in breast milk after being taken. Before you start breastfeeding, you and your doctor should go over the potential benefits and dangers. If you are prescribed a therapy that consists of a single dose, your physician may instruct you to discontinue breastfeeding for a brief period of time after the administration of the dose. Consult your doctor for additional details.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
Products containing alcohol (such as cough and cold syrups and aftershave), products containing propylene glycol, lopinavir/ritonavir solution, and lithium are some examples of products that have the potential to interact with this medication.
Metronidazole should not be taken by anyone who is currently being treated with disulfiram or who has been treated with disulfiram within the past two weeks.
This medicine has the potential to skew the findings of some laboratory tests, thus it should be avoided if at all possible. Ensure that the staff at the lab and all of your physicians are aware that you are using this medication.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control centre. To reach the poison control centre for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents can call a provincial poison control centre. Nausea, vomiting, and unsteadiness are some of the possible symptoms of an overdose.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
If you are receiving treatment for a specific infection (for example, trichomoniasis), it is possible that all of your sexual partners may also need to receive treatment in order to prevent reinfection. During treatment, it is important to abstain from sexual activity or to constantly use a condom made of latex or polyurethane.
This drug has been given to you specifically for the treatment of your current condition. If you have another illness in the future, you should not use it unless your doctor tells you to.
While you are taking this medicine, lab tests (such as blood cell counts) may be performed on you if you have been taking this drug for a longer period of time than usual. Make sure you don’t miss any of your doctor or lab appointments. Consult your doctor for additional details.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.