Metoclopramide- Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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This drug is prescribed to treat a variety of disorders that affect the digestive tract, including the stomach and intestines. Metoclopramide is prescribed as a treatment for a short period of time (four to twelve weeks) for persistent heartburn when the typical treatments are not effective enough. Most commonly, it is prescribed to treat heartburn that happens after a meal or at other times during the day.
The treatment of persistent heartburn can help to reduce the damage caused by stomach acid to the swallowing tube (the esophagus), which in turn can assist in the healing process. Patients with diabetes who have difficulty emptying their stomachs are also given metoclopramide to treat the condition (gastroparesis). When gastroparesis is treated, symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and a feeling of fullness in the stomach or abdomen may improve. Metoclopramide is effective because it inhibits the action of a natural chemical (dopamine).
It hastens the emptying of the stomach as well as the movement of the upper intestines. Due to the increased potential of serious adverse effects, including muscle spasms and other uncontrolled muscle movements, it is not recommended that this medication be used in children in any capacity. Inquire with the healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.
Stimulants for the gastrointestinal tract: how to use Metoclopramide 10 mg Disintegrating Tablet
Please also see the section labeled Warning.
Before beginning treatment with metoclopramide and whenever you get a refill, make sure you carefully read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist. Talk to your primary care physician or pharmacist if you have any concerns or questions.
Consume this drug by mouth in accordance with your physician’s orders, which will typically be up to four times a day (at least 30 minutes before meals and at bedtime).
Do not take the tablet out of its blister pack until just before the time you are supposed to take it. Please ensure that your hands are dry before beginning to use this medication. If the tablet is cracked or crushed in any way, do not use it. As soon as you have removed the tablet from its blister pack, you should immediately put it on your tongue. After allowing it to completely dissolve, you should then swallow it with your saliva. This product can be taken without the accompaniment of water at your discretion.
Your age, the severity of your ailment, how well you respond to treatment, and any other medications you might be taking all play a role in determining the appropriate dosage for you. Make sure to inform both your primary care physician and your pharmacist about all of the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
Do not use this medication more frequently, in bigger dosages, or for a longer period of time than your physician has instructed you to due to the possibility of developing tardive dyskinesia.
If you only get heartburn at particular times of the day, such as after dinner, your doctor may instruct you to take a single dose before certain times rather than spreading it throughout the day. This will lower the likelihood of adverse effects occurring.
This drug is often administered for a period of two weeks up to eight weeks in order to treat diabetic gastroparesis. Continue doing so until your digestive system is functioning normally. It’s possible that this illness will flare up again in the future. If your symptoms have returned, your doctor may instruct you to resume taking this medication immediately and to stop taking it as soon as you begin to feel better. Ask your doctor for instructions on how to begin taking this medicine as well as how to stop taking it.
If you want to get the most out of this medication, take it as advised and on a consistent basis. Take it at the same time every day so that you don’t forget how to do so.
It is possible that you will experience withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop taking this drug (such as dizziness, nervousness, and headaches). Your doctor may carefully reduce your dosage in order to assist you to avoid withdrawal symptoms. It is more possible that you will experience withdrawal symptoms if you have used metoclopramide for a longer period of time or in higher doses. Notify your healthcare provider or pharmacist as soon as possible if you have withdrawal symptoms.
Notify your primary care physician if your issue persists or worsens.
There is a possibility that you will have drowsiness, dizziness, weariness, difficulty sleeping, agitation, headache, and diarrhea. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
Keep in mind that your physician has recommended that you take this medication because he or she believes that the potential benefits of doing so outweigh the potential dangers of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
It is possible that this drug will cause an increase in your blood pressure. Regularly checking your blood pressure and reporting any excessive readings to your physician is important.
Notify your physician as soon as possible if you experience any serious side effects, such as changes in your mental or emotional state (such as anxiety, confusion, depression, or suicidal thoughts), the inability to keep still or the need to pace, muscle spasms or uncontrolled muscle movements (such as twisting the neck or arching the back), Parkinson-like symptoms (such as shaking, slowed or difficult movement, a mask-like facial expression), swelling of the hands or feet, decreased sexual ability, abnormal.
This medicine carries a very low risk of causing the neuroleptic malignant syndrome, but there is a chance that it could (NMS). If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, you should seek immediate medical attention: fever, muscle stiffness, severe disorientation, sweating, or a rapid or irregular heartbeat.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you observe any symptoms of a major allergic response, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms include:
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
Inform your doctor or pharmacist that you are allergic to metoclopramide, as well as if you have any additional allergies, before beginning treatment with this medication. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this medication, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly the following: a previous history of medication-induced movement or muscle disorders (such as tardive dyskinesia or dystonia); bleeding, blockage, or a hole in the intestines or stomach; breast cancer; high blood pressure; kidney problems; heart failure; mental or mood problems (such as depression or suicidal thoughts); Parkinson’s disease; liver problems (such as cirrhosis (NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency).
This medication could cause you to feel lightheaded or sleepy. Drinking alcohol or smoking marijuana (also known as cannabis) can make you feel more lightheaded and sleepy. Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do it safely. Steer clear of beverages containing alcohol. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
There is a possibility that this medicine contains aspartame or phenylalanine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about how to use this medication safely if you have phenylketonuria (PKU) or any other condition that requires you to limit or avoid aspartame or phenylalanine in your diet.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
If you have diabetes, using this product can make it more difficult for you to keep your blood sugar under control. Check your blood sugar on a regular basis as instructed by your doctor, and then discuss the results with them. If you experience any symptoms of high or low blood sugar, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible. It’s possible that your diabetic medication, exercise routine, or diet will need some tweaking from your doctor.
Muscle spasms and other forms of uncontrollable muscle movement are potential adverse effects of this medication that could affect children more severely. Please also refer to the Uses section.
The side effects of this medication, particularly sleepiness, tardive dyskinesia, and muscle issues similar to Parkinson’s disease, may be felt more acutely by people of advanced age. There is a correlation between drowsiness and an increased risk of falling.
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages.
This medication is excreted into breast milk and may have unintended consequences for an infant who is being breastfed. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
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Metoclopramide speeds up the transit time of both food and medication through the stomach, which can have an impact on the body’s ability to absorb certain medications. Talk to your primary care physician or the pharmacist at the pharmacy where you get your medication to find out if any of the medications you take could be impacted.
Notify your physician or pharmacist if you are using other products that cause drowsiness, such as opioid pain relievers or cough relievers (such as codeine or hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol or cyclobenzaprine), or antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine).
You should read the labels on all of your medications (such as those meant to treat allergies or coughs and colds) since some of them may contain substances that make you feel sleepy. Talk to your local pharmacist about the proper way to use those products.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control center. To reach the poison control center for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
While you are taking this medicine, you may be subjected to various lab tests and/or medical examinations (such as an endoscopy to check for ulcers). Consult your doctor for additional details.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realize you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighborhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.