Losartan potassium: Side effects, dosage, uses, and more
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Both high blood pressure (also known as hypertension) and diabetic kidney disease can be treated with losartan, which also works to protect the kidneys from further damage. It is also used to treat people who have high blood pressure and an enlarged heart in order to reduce the risk of strokes in those patients. Strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems can all be avoided by treating high blood pressure and lowering it. Angiotensin receptor blockers are the category of medications that losartan is classified under (ARBs). It achieves this by relaxing the blood vessels, which in turn allows for easier circulation of the blood.
POTASSIUM dosage instructions for the drug Losartan
Before beginning treatment with losartan and whenever you get a refill, make sure to read the Patient Information Leaflet, which should be provided by your pharmacist if one is available. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.
It is recommended that you take this medication orally, as instructed by your physician, once daily, either with or without meals. Your current health status and how well you respond to treatment will determine the appropriate dosage.
If you are taking this medication in liquid form, shake the bottle vigorously just before each time you administer a dose. Make careful use of a particular instrument or spoon in order to accurately measure the dose. It is not a good idea to use a regular spoon since you run the risk of not getting the right amount.
Make sure you take this medication as directed for it to have the desired effect. Take it at the same time every day so that you don’t forget when you’re supposed to. Continue taking this medication even if you don’t feel like you need it. The majority of people who have hypertension do not report feeling ill.
If your situation does not improve or if it gets worse, you should let your doctor know (for example, if your blood pressure readings increase).
As your body responds to the medicine, you may experience symptoms such as dizziness or lightheadedness. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
When rising from a seated or lying position, it is important to do so carefully in order to limit the likelihood of experiencing dizziness and lightheadedness.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
Notify your physician as soon as possible if you have any of the following uncommon but dangerous adverse effects: fainting, symptoms of a high potassium blood level (such as muscle weakness, slow/irregular heartbeat), or any other similar symptoms.
It is possible for losartan to create major kidney issues or to make existing kidney problems worse, despite the fact that it is sometimes used to treat patients who already have renal problems or to prevent kidney problems. During the time that you are taking losartan, your primary care physician will monitor your kidney function. Notify your primary care physician as soon as possible if you notice any symptoms of kidney disease, such as a change in the amount of urine you produce.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you detect any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
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Inform your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are allergic to losartan, or if you have any other allergies before beginning treatment with this medication. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this drug, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of liver illness, dehydration, or a high blood potassium level.
This medicine may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you dizzier. Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do it safely. Reduce your intake of alcoholic beverages. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
It’s possible that this drug will raise your potassium levels. Consult your primary care physician or a pharmacist before beginning the use of any potassium supplements or salt replacements that include potassium.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
Inform your physician if you are pregnant or if you want to become pregnant in the near future. While using losartan, you should avoid becoming pregnant at all costs. Losartan may harm an unborn infant. If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, you should talk to your doctor as soon as possible about the potential dangers and advantages of doing so.
It is not known whether this medication is found in breast milk. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
Aliskiren, lithium, and medications that may increase the level of potassium in the blood (such as ACE inhibitors including benazepril/lisinopril and birth control pills containing drospirenone) are examples of the types of products that have the potential to have an adverse interaction with this medication.
Certain goods contain components that can cause an increase in your blood pressure or make your heart failure symptoms worse. Tell your pharmacist what products you are using and ask for instructions on how to use them safely. This is especially important for over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and naproxen.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control centre. To reach the poison control centre for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents can call a provincial poison control centre. Extreme lightheadedness and fainting are two of the possible symptoms of an overdose.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
Alterations to one’s lifestyle, such as those including stress reduction programmes, physical activity, and dietary adjustments, can make this medication more effective. Talk to your primary care physician or your pharmacist about making adjustments to your lifestyle that could be beneficial to you.
Tests in the laboratory and/or examinations by a doctor (checking your kidney function and potassium levels, for example) should be carried out on a regular basis in order to track your improvement and identify any potential adverse reactions. Consult your doctor for additional details.
While you are taking this medicine, you should have your blood pressure checked on a frequent basis. Figure out how to check your own blood pressure at home and discuss the results with your primary care provider.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Tablets should be kept at room temperature and out of direct sunlight and moisture. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Keep the suspension in the refrigerator at a temperature ranging from 36 to 46 degrees Fahrenheit (2-8 degrees C). Do not freeze. After a period of four weeks, any unused suspension should be discarded.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.