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Kidney Stone Diet: Foods to Eat and Avoid You should Know
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There are a few different pathways that lead to the formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract. Urine contains calcium, which has the potential to react with other substances, including oxalate and phosphorous. This may occur if the concentration of these compounds increases to the point where they become solid. The accumulation of uric acid is another potential cause of kidney stones. The breakdown of protein is what leads to the accumulation of uric acid. It should not come as a surprise that passing kidney stones can be an excruciatingly painful experience because your urinary tract was not intended to eliminate solid stuff. Dietary changes are frequently sufficient to forestall their occurrence.
What to eat and drink
If you’re attempting to keep kidney stones at bay, the foods and beverages you consume are just as crucial as the foods and beverages you should steer clear of. The following are some guidelines that should be kept in mind that are very crucial.
Stones can be broken down into their component compounds with the use of fluids, particularly water. Make it a goal to consume at least 12 glasses of water every single day.
Up your citrus intake
Because citrate occurs naturally in citrus fruits, eating them and drinking their juice may help prevent or slow the development of stones in the urinary tract. Citrus fruits including lemons, oranges, and grapefruits are all excellent providers of the nutrient.
Eat lots of calcium (and vitamin D)
Your oxalate levels may increase if you do not consume enough calcium. Instead of taking calcium supplements, it is best to receive your calcium through diet because supplements have been shown to contribute to the production of kidney stones. Milk, yoghurt, cottage cheese, and various other forms of cheese are all excellent providers of mineral calcium.
Tofu that has been treated with calcium, legumes, dark green vegetables, nuts, seeds, and blackstrap molasses are all good sources of calcium for vegetarians. Try lactose-free milk, fortified soy milk, goat’s milk, or cow’s milk if you don’t like the flavour of cow’s milk or if it doesn’t agree with you. Goat’s milk is also a good alternative for people who are lactose intolerant.
In addition, make it a daily priority to consume foods that are rich in vitamin D. Calcium is better absorbed by the body when vitamin D is present. This vitamin can be found in a wide variety of dietary sources. In addition to that, fatty fishes like salmon, mushrooms, and cheese all contain it as well.
Food and drinks to avoid on a kidney stone diet
The presence of high levels of sodium in the body might lead to the accumulation of calcium in the urine. Salting food should be avoided, and labels should be read carefully to determine the amount of sodium that is contained in packaged and processed goods. However, conventional restaurant fares can also be high in sodium. This is not unique to fast food. Request that no more salt be added to whatever it is that you order from a menu whenever you have the opportunity to do so. Also, pay attention to the beverages that you consume. There are several vegetable juices that have a high salt content.
Lower your animal protein intake
The production of uric acid is exacerbated by the consumption of a wide variety of protein-containing foods, including but not limited to red meat, pig, chicken, poultry, and eggs. Consuming significant quantities of protein causes a decrease in the quantity of citrate that is found in urine. Citrate’s primary function is to inhibit the development of kidney stones. Quinoa, tofu (bean curd), hummus, chia seeds, and Greek yoghurt are examples of foods that can be consumed in place of animal protein. Talk to your physician about how much protein you should consume on a daily basis because it is essential for your overall health.
Be mindful of oxalates
Eat oxalates in moderation. Foods that are high in this chemical have been linked to an increased risk of developing kidney stones. If you have ever suffered from kidney stones, you should probably cut back significantly (or altogether remove) the number of oxalates in your diet. If you want to reduce your risk of developing kidney stones, you should discuss the matter with your physician to find out whether or not avoiding these foods is sufficient. If you do consume foods that contain oxalates, you should always be sure to eat or drink something that has calcium at the same time. During the digestive process, this will assist the oxalate in binding to the calcium, which will prevent it from reaching your kidneys. Examples of foods that are high in oxalate include:
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Sweet potatoes, rhubarb tea, spinach, and chard are all on the menu today.
Don’t drink colas
Avoid cola drinks. Phosphate, another component that might contribute to the development of kidney stones, can be found in high concentrations in cola drinks.
Cut back or get rid of your use of added sugar.
Sugars and syrups that are added to processed foods and beverages are collectively referred to as added sugars. Your chance of developing kidney stones may go up if you consume additional sugars like sucrose and fructose. Be mindful of the quantity of added sugar you take in, especially from processed foods like cake, as well as from fruit, soft drinks, and fruit juices. Other frequent names for added sugar include corn syrup, crystallised fructose, honey, agave nectar, brown rice syrup, and cane sugar. Cane sugar is often referred to by its chemical name, fructose.
Tips for a kidney stone diet
If you’ve already had kidney stones, you’re more likely to develop new ones in the future unless you take measures to deliberately avoid doing so. This requires you to take any drugs that have been recommended to you for this purpose as well as monitor what you consume in terms of both food and liquid.
If you are currently suffering from stones, your physician will do diagnostic tests to identify the specific sort of stone you have. After that, they will advise you to follow a particular eating plan, such as the DASH Diet, as part of your treatment. The following are some helpful hints:
Consume at least twelve glasses of water every day and foods with high levels of vitamin C, such as oranges.
Consume food that is high in calcium at each meal and at least three times a day. Decrease the amount of salt, added sugar, and goods that contain high fructose corn syrup that you eat. Limit the amount of animal protein that you consume.
Stay away from foods and drinks that contain a lot of oxalates and phosphates.
Try to avoid drinking or eating anything that will cause you to lose water, such as alcohol.
Stones in the kidney are a common cause of excruciating discomfort. Diet, fortunately, can be a helpful strategy for both the management of kidney stones and their prevention. Important aspects of a diet for kidney stones include maintaining an adequate level of hydration, avoiding meals that are heavy in salt and sugar, and consuming foods that are rich in calcium and oxalate together.