Finasteride – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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Finasteride is prescribed to adult males who have benign prostatic hyperplasia (also known as BPH), which causes an enlarged prostate. It can be taken alone or in conjunction with other medications to lessen the severity of the symptoms of BPH, and it might even eliminate the requirement for surgical treatment. Finasteride may alleviate symptoms of BPH and provide benefits such as a reduced need to urinate, improved urine flow with less straining, a reduced sensation that the bladder is not entirely empty, and a reduction in the amount of urination that occurs during the night.
This medicine is effective because it reduces the amount of a naturally occurring hormone (DHT) in the body that is responsible for the expansion of the prostate. The use of finasteride for the prevention of prostate cancer is not authorized. It is possible that the risk of acquiring a very severe form of prostate cancer is somewhat increased as a result. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential benefits and drawbacks. This drug should not be used by pregnant women or children.
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How to take finasteride by mouth properly
Before beginning treatment with finasteride and whenever you get a refill on your prescription, make sure to read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.
It is recommended that you take this medication orally once daily, either with or without meals, as instructed by your doctor.
A woman who is pregnant or a woman who has the potential to become pregnant should not handle the tablet if it has been crushed or fractured in any way (see also Precautions section).
Make sure you take this medication as directed for it to have the desired effect. Keep in mind that you should always use it at the same time each day. It is important that you speak with your healthcare provider before discontinuing the use of this medicine. It could take anywhere from six months to a year before you notice any benefits.
If your situation does not improve or if it worsens, you should consult your physician as soon as possible.
There is a possibility of a decline in sexual ability or desire. This medicine has the potential to reduce the amount of semen that is released during sexual activity in some men. This is not harmful, but it has been observed to persist in some individuals even after the medication has been discontinued. Finasteride may also stimulate the growth of new hair. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is that he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
Notify your healthcare provider as soon as possible if you experience any major adverse effects, such as a lump in the breast, discharge from the nipple, breast enlargement, tenderness, pain, pain in the testicles, or an inability to urinate.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you observe any symptoms of a major allergic response, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms include:
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
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Inform your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to finasteride, or if you have any other allergies, before beginning treatment with finasteride. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this drug, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of liver illness, prostate cancer, infections, or urinary issues.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
The substance can be taken in through the patient’s skin. If the film coating of the tablet has been damaged in any way, or if the tablet itself has been crushed, a woman who is pregnant or who is trying to get pregnant should not handle the tablet. When finasteride is given to an infant boy who is still developing, there is a risk of genital abnormalities occurring.
It is not recommended that women use finasteride at any time, but especially not while they are pregnant or nursing. It could be harmful to a baby who is still in the womb or being breastfed. If you have any concerns or questions regarding this drug, it is important that you speak with your physician.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
It is possible for the findings of the blood test used to diagnose prostate cancer to be impacted by this medicine (prostatic-specific antigen or PSA levels). Make sure that the people working in the laboratory and your doctors are aware that you are taking this medication.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control centre. To reach the poison control centre for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents can call a provincial poison control centre.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
Tests in the laboratory and/or medical examinations (such as PSA levels and prostate exams) should be carried out on a regular basis in order to track your improvement and identify any potential adverse reactions. Consult your doctor for additional details.
Maintain all of your scheduled appointments with both your primary care physician and the laboratory. You really ought to get a thorough physical examination done. If your doctor instructs you to examine both your breasts and your testicles, be sure to do so and notify your physician immediately if you find any lumps.
In spite of the fact that early improvement is frequently observed, at least six to twelve months of treatment may be required in certain patients before it is possible to determine whether or not a benefit has been achieved. To determine whether or not this drug is having the desired effect, it is essential to keep all of your routine medical appointments and undergo blood testing as directed.
Many men are born with the condition that this medicine mimics (prostate glands that are smaller than usual), but they go on to have normal lives and normal sex drives despite having the condition that this drug mimics.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.