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Derek Chauvin Biography
Derek Michael Chauvin, a former American police officer, was convicted in Minneapolis, Minnesota, of the murder of George Floyd. From 2001 to 2020, Chauvin served as a police officer in Minneapolis.
While Floyd was arrested and lying face down on the street shouting out “I can’t breathe,” Chauvin had knelt on his neck for around nine minutes during an arrest made with three other cops on May 25, 2020.
The Minneapolis Police Department (MPD) terminated his employment on May 26 and he was arrested on May 29 as a result of this. Protests erupted in the Twin Cities and around the country in the wake of the killing, and they eventually stretched around the world.
On March 8, 2021, a jury in the Fourth Judicial District Court of Minnesota found Chauvin guilty of second-degree unintentional murder, third-degree murder, and second-degree manslaughter. As of April 20, he has been found guilty of the counts against him.
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For this second-degree murder conviction, he received a sentence of 22+12 years in prison on June 25, 2021 (after subtracting the 199 days of credit for time served), with the possibility of supervised release contingent on factors such as good behavior after serving two-thirds of his gross sentence (the sentence before any deductions of time), or 15 years of prison.
It was in December 2021 that Chauvin pleaded guilty to federal accusations of breaching Floyd’s civil rights by employing excessive force and ignoring Floyd’s critical medical requirements.
At the same time, Chauvin confessed to using excessive force against a 14-year-old victim in 2017.
Early life and education
It was on this date in 1976 that Chauvin was first conceived. Neither his mother nor father worked outside the home, therefore he was raised by his mother and father. His parents split when he was seven years old, and he was awarded shared custody.
After failing to complete his high school education, Chauvin went on to earn his GED at Cottage Grove’s Park High School.
He graduated from Dakota County Technical College with a certificate in quantity food preparation and worked as a prep cook at McDonald’s and a buffet restaurant.
During his time in the United States Army Reserve, he served as a military police officer from 1996 to 2000. Moreover, he attended Inver Hills Community College from 1995 to 1999 throughout this time period.
And in 2006, he received a bachelor’s degree from Metropolitan State University, where he studied criminal justice.
Derek Chauvin Career
It was in 2001 that Chauvin was hired by the Minneapolis Police Department. During his time on the force, he was engaged in three deadly police shootings. I need a more reliable source.
In 2006, he was one of the police who fired on a suspect who aimed a shotgun at them, and in 2008, he smashed down a door and shot a suspect who reached for his revolver during a domestic violence incident.
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For his heroic actions in 2008, the officer was awarded a commendation medal. Chauvin was awarded a commendation medal in 2009 for his off-duty efforts as a nightclub security guard.
Chauvin was the subject of 18 formal complaints, two of which resulted in disciplinary action, including letters of reprimand from the university.
When the mother of two small children came forward with a complaint on September 4, 2017, Chauvin was one of the officers on the scene. Chauvin allegedly used a flashlight to strike a 14-year-old black child in the head and then held him down with his knee for over 17 minutes despite the boy’s complaints that he couldn’t breathe. The youngster required stitches after the incident.
In an effort to keep the Floyd trial free of bias, the judge forbade the prosecution from bringing up the issue.
Previous nightclub owners of El Nuevo Rodeo, George Floyd, and Chauvin were all security guards at the club, according to the former owner, although he wasn’t sure if they knew one another.
Since his arrest, the club owner has slammed Chauvin’s actions as “overkill” and said that “Chauvin was unduly harsh on nights when the club had a black clientele, quelling disputes by dousing the crowd with pepper spray and calling in multiple police squad vehicles as backup”.
Prosecution for the murder of George Floyd
Chantilly was one of the four police officers who arrested George Floyd on May 25, 2020, and was the field training officer for another officer who was engaged in the arrest. Footage from a nearby business did not show Floyd restraining himself during the arrest.
Floyd repeatedly said that he couldn’t breathe while he stood outside the police car, fought to get in, and collapsed to the ground face down, according to a criminal complaint based on body camera footage. Over the course of nine minutes, Chauvin knelt on Floyd’s neck as he was shackled and lying face down on the street.
Floyd kept saying, “I can’t breathe,” “Mama,” and “please” as Chauvin placed his knee on his neck. Two more policemen squatted on Floyd’s back for a portion of the period. In the final two minutes of Floyd’s life, he was completely still and had no pulse. A number of bystanders recorded the incident and shared their footage worldwide.
The day after the shooting, Chauvin and the other officers involved were fired.
Law enforcement experts have blasted Chauvin for his use of the knee-to-neck restraint, which is legal in Minnesota under certain conditions.
As of June 23, Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo characterized Floyd’s death as murder, citing Chauvin’s training in the dangers of positional asphyxiation.
After being apprehended in 2020, Chauvin was sentenced to two years in prison.
When Hennepin County Attorney Mike Freeman filed a third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter case against him, he became the first white Minnesota police officer to be charged in connection with the death of a black person.
“Exhibiting a wicked mind, without regard for human life,” as defined by Minnesota law, is third-degree murder in this state. To be charged with second-degree manslaughter, you must have established “an unreasonable danger” of death or serious injury.
As requested by Governor Tim Walz, Minnesota’s Attorney General Keith Ellison assumed responsibility for the lawsuit on May 31. According to the felony-murder theory, Ellison revised the charges against Chauvin on June 3 to add unintentional second-degree murder, stating that Chauvin murdered Floyd during a third-degree assault; That crime carries a maximum sentence of 12+12 years in prison, according to Minnesota’s sentencing guidelines.
There was a $1.25 million bail set for Chauvin’s release. His counsel and prosecutors had tried to reach a plea deal to cover both state and federal offenses prior to Chauvin’s arrest. Ellison also charged the other three police with second-degree murder aid and abetment. Bail has been set at $1 million.
After posting a $1 million bond, Chauvin was freed on conditional bail on October 7, 2020.
However, Hennepin County Judge Peter Cahill dismissed the third-degree murder charge on October 22, 2020, but declined Chauvin’s motion to dismiss the other, more serious murder counts. All four defendants will be tried jointly in Hennepin County on November 5, 2020, Judge Cahill ruled.
When it was revealed that Chauvin would be tried separately from the other three cops, Judge Cahill initially agreed. On January 13th, 2021, however, he altered his decision.
Cahill reinstated Chauvin’s third-degree murder indictment on March 11, 2021.
On March 8, 2021, Chauvin’s trial began at the Hennepin County Government Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Cameras were allowed to film the entire criminal trial for the first time in Minnesota. For three counts: unintentional murder in the second degree, murder in the third degree, and second-degree manslaughter, Chauvin was found guilty on April 20, 2021, by a jury made up of six white and six black members.
A white Minnesota police officer was convicted of the murder of a black individual for the first time in the state’s history. A white woman, Justine Damond, was shot and killed by Somali-American officer Mohamed Noor, who was sentenced to three and a half years in prison for her murder.
Prosecutors requested that bail be revoked following his conviction, and Judge Cahill agreed. Chauvin was returned to police custody.
Chauvin filed an appeal against his conviction for second-degree murder. According to the Minnesota Supreme Court, Chauvin was not entitled to a public defender since his financial situation did not support such a claim. Attorney William Mohrman was later engaged to represent him.
Hennepin County Sheriff’s Office transported Chauvin to the Minnesota Department of Corrections after he was convicted of a crime. His bail was revoked. Once at Oak Park Heights, he was sent to the prison where he was previously held following his arrest in 2020.
For “fears for his safety,” Chauvin is kept in a secluded wing of the prison in solitary confinement for 23 hours a day.
From Chauvin’s arrest until his sentencing hearing on June 25, 2021, he was housed at Oak Park Heights. After concluding that Chauvin had handled Floyd “with extreme cruelty,” Hennepin County District Judge Peter Cahill granted the prosecution’s request for a longer prison term on May 12, 2021.
Prosecutors sought 30 years in prison for Chauvin on June 3, 2021, citing the extraordinary brutality he showed in killing Floyd, which was contrary to any human conscience and thus merited a serious punishment.
When Floyd was shot and killed, Chauvin pleaded for leniency and asked for probation instead of prison time for exceeding his moral obligations as an officer. At the June 25 hearing for the second-degree murder charge, Chauvin was sentenced to 22+12 years in prison (minus the 199 days of credit he obtained), but the second-degree manslaughter and third-degree murder charges are yet to be decided.
Civil rights violations case
When Chauvin resisted a 14-year-old kid for several minutes in September 2017, he used his knee to lean into the boy’s back and repeatedly struck him with his flashlight, the US Department of Justice (DOJ) convened a grand jury to investigate.
Chauvin failed to listen to the youngster’s cries for help as he was being restrained, and as a result, the boy briefly lost consciousness. During Chauvin’s murder trial, the 2017 incident was found to be inadmissible as evidence.
Following Chauvin’s murder conviction, the DOJ was apparently considering criminal charges against Chauvin for the 2017 incident, which was still under investigation.
In both the 2017 and 2020 episodes, federal investigators planned to bring charges against Chauvin as well as the three other officers involved for federal civil rights offenses.
Following George Floyd’s death in May 2021, the US Department of Justice issued a formal indictment against Chauvin and his three other co-defendants for violating the civil rights of Floyd’s family.
In light of these new charges, the state court trial for the three additional policemen has been postponed until March 7, 2022, rather than the originally scheduled August 23, 2021.
Second, Chauvin was charged with breaching the 14-year-old boy’s constitutional rights by the same grand jury on May 7, 2021, as well. Attorneys from the Department of Justice (DOJ) in Minnesota and Washington, D.C., will handle the federal prosecution.
Chauvin entered a not-guilty plea to the charges stemming from the 2017 incident indictment on September 16, 2021.
During a hearing in December 2021, Chauvin wanted to change his plea to the federal courts, which he did.
On December 15, 2021, he entered a guilty plea to federal charges stemming from the 2017 incident in which he was accused of violating the rights of both Floyd and the 14-year-old.
Convicted felon Floyd Chauvin acknowledged breaching Floyd’s fundamental right to be free from unreasonable seizure and unreasonable force by a police officer.
Additionally, Chauvin acknowledged that his deliberate disregard for the urgent medical needs of Floyd violated Floyd’s constitutional right to be free from unlawful detention without a fair trial, which included the right to be free from the deliberate indifference of a police officer.
In the 2017 case incident, Chauvin admitted violating the 14-year-constitutional old’s right to be free of unreasonable force by a police officer when he grabbed his throat, hit his head with a flashlight, and kneeled on his neck and upper back while the 14-year-old was prone, handcuffed, and not resisting.
As of yet, the sentence hasn’t been handed down.
An agreement was made between federal and state authorities that would allow for the maximum sentence of life in prison to be reduced to a 300-month term instead of the maximum of life in prison.
Tax evasion case
Chauvin and his then-wife were separately accused in Washington County, Minnesota, on nine felony counts of tax evasion relating to allegedly fake state income tax forms filed between 2014 and 2019.
It is claimed that the couple’s joint income was $464,433, which included more than $95,000 from Chauvin’s off-duty security employment. Other allegations include failing to pay the correct Minnesota sales tax on a $100,000 BMW Chauvin bought in 2018, failing to record revenue from Chauvin’s wife’s business, and improper deduction on a rental residence.
Case 82-CR-20-2813 was Chauvin’s first appearance in Washington County District Court on September 8, 2021. After the pre-trial hearing on January 21, 2022, there is no set date for the start of the trial as of November 30, 2021.
Ramsey County Jail discrimination complaint
In the wake of his May 29 arrest, Chauvin was taken to the Ramsey County Jail for booking and processing. Eight correctional officers who work at the jail filed a discrimination complaint with the Minnesota Department of Human Rights in June 2020.
While Chauvin was being kept on the fifth level, non-white guards were not authorized to work there, according to the witnesses. Additionally, the complaint stated that a guard had spotted a white lieutenant sitting on Chauvin’s bed and allowing Chauvin to use her cell phone.
An investigation has been launched after a complaint of discrimination was made by the Minnesota Department of Human Rights.
The Star Tribune reported in February 2021 that the organization had taken legal action and filed discrimination accusations with the state Department of Human Rights following a complaint that their charge had never gained traction. To hold Ramsey County and Superintendent Steve Lydon “responsible for the prejudice that occurred under their watch,” their lawyer said in a statement. Because of Chauvin’s arrival, the cops were told they would be moved, according to the claim.
While he was in the middle of patting down Chauvin, the supervisor commanded him to stop and replaced him with a white cop, according to one of the plaintiffs. Discrimination had left the group feeling “very humiliated and distraught,” according to their attorney.
Other police who saw security camera footage shows that a white female lieutenant “was permitted special access” to Chauvin’s bed, where she “appeared to comfort him” and allowed him to use a smartphone, according to the claim filed by the plaintiffs.
“I was trying to protect and support” minority employees by “shielding them from Chauvin,” Lydon told the Star Tribune, according to a statement from the sheriff’s office.
Derek Chauvin Personal life
Chauvin’s ex-wife is a real estate salesperson and photographer who won the “Mrs. Minnesota” beauty contest in 2018 as a Laotian Hmong refugee.
He was arrested the day after she filed for divorce, and the divorce was formalized in February of that year. There were no children born to the couple. As a Republican, Chauvin was a member of the party.
When did they get married and do they have children?
During her time working as a radiologist, Kellie met Derek Chauvin and the two fell in love. They married in 2010.
Their paths crossed at a Minneapolis hospital where she worked, she told the St Paul Pioneer Press.
Kellie has two children from a previous relationship with ex-husband Kujay Xiong, but the couple does not have any children.
Before joining the Minneapolis Police Department, Derek Chauvin worked as a bouncer at a downtown Latin nightclub, according to documents kept by the Minneapolis City Council.