Cetirizine Oral: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions & more
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Cetirizine is an antihistamine that is used to treat allergy symptoms such as sneezing, itching, hives, runny nose, watery eyes, and itchy eyes and nose. It has its effect by inhibiting the production of a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body produces in response to an allergic reaction. Cetirizine is not effective in preventing or treating significant allergic reactions, including hives (such as anaphylaxis). If your allergist has recommended epinephrine as a treatment for allergic responses, you should always have an injector of epinephrine on you at all times. It is not recommended that you use cetirizine in place of epinephrine.
How to make use of Cetirizine Hydrochloride
Before you take this medication, be sure that you have read all of the guidelines that are printed on the product packaging. This is especially important if you are using an over-the-counter product to treat yourself. If you have any questions, visit your pharmacist. If your physician has recommended this medication for you, it should be taken exactly as directed, typically just once per day.
If you are using the chewable tablets, make sure to thoroughly chew each one before swallowing it. If you are using a tablet that dissolves quickly, you should first let the tablet dissolve on your tongue before swallowing it, with or without water. If you are taking this medication in its liquid form, you will need to properly measure the dose using a specific measuring instrument or spoon. You should not use a regular spoon since you run the risk of not getting the right amount.
Your age, current medical condition, and how well you respond to treatment all play a role in determining the appropriate dosage. You should not take this drug more frequently or increase the dosage that you are now taking it.
Talk to your primary care provider if you notice that your allergy symptoms are not getting better, if your hives are not getting better after receiving treatment for three days, or if your hives linger for more than six weeks. If your condition gets worse or if you suspect you might have a significant medical problem (such as a very serious allergic response or anaphylaxis, for example), you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
It’s possible you’ll have dry mouth, drowsiness, and fatigue. There is also a possibility of experiencing stomach aches, particularly in children. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
If your physician has recommended that you take this drug, keep in mind that he or she has done so on the basis of the assessment that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
If you experience any major adverse effects, including problems urinating or weakness, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you detect any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, such as a rash, itching/swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), extreme dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
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Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to cetirizine, as well as hydroxyzine, levocetirizine, or any other medications before beginning treatment with cetirizine. If you have any other types of allergies, you should also mention them. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this drug, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have ever had trouble urinating (for example, because of an enlarged prostate), kidney illness, or liver disease.
If you are taking this medication to treat hives, you should consult your physician as soon as possible if you experience any of the following additional symptoms because they may be indications of a more serious condition: hives that are an unusual color, hives that look bruised or blistered, or hives that do not itch.
This medication could cause you to feel sleepy. Drowsiness is a side effect of consuming alcohol or cannabis (marijuana). Do not get behind the wheel of a vehicle, operate any machinery, or engage in any activity that requires attentiveness until you are able to do it safely. Steer clear of beverages containing alcohol. If you are a marijuana user, you should consult your primary care physician (cannabis).
Liquid items may contain sugar. If you have diabetes, you should use extreme caution. Talk to your primary care physician or your local pharmacist about the proper use of this medicine.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages.
This drug is found in breast milk after being taken. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other products that cause drowsiness, such as opioid pain relievers or cough relievers (such as codeine or hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol or cyclobenzaprine), or other antihistamines. Some of these products include (such as chlorpheniramine, and diphenhydramine).
You should read the labels on all of your medications (such as those meant to treat allergies or coughs and colds) since some of them may contain substances that make you feel sleepy. Talk to your local pharmacist about the proper way to use those products.
Because of the potential for increased adverse effects, this medication should not be used in conjunction with any other topical antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine cream, ointment, or spray).
Cetirizine is quite similar to hydroxyzine and levocetirizine. When taking cetirizine, you should not use any of these other medications.
This medicine has the potential to interfere with a variety of laboratory procedures, including skin testing for allergies, and could result in inaccurate test findings. Ensure that the employees in the laboratory and all of your doctors are aware that you are using this medication.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control center. To reach the poison control center for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents can call a provincial poison control center. Some of the following may be symptoms of an overdose: a severe case of sleepiness. Before drowsiness sets in, children may experience changes in their thoughts and moods, such as anger and restlessness.
Always be on time for your scheduled checkups and laboratory tests.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. It’s possible that different formulations of this drug require different storage conditions. You can either check the product’s packaging for advice on how to properly store your brand, or you can ask your local pharmacist for the information. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.