CBD vs. THC: Properties, Benefits, and Side Effects
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Consumers are growing increasingly intrigued about the various options available to them as the number of states that permit the use of hemp and other cannabis products increases. This includes the naturally occurring chemicals known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which are both found in plants belonging to the Cannabis genus.
Both hemp and cannabis can be used to extract CBD for use.
Both hemp and cannabis are derived from the same plant, Cannabis sativa. Legal hemp must contain 0.3 percent THC or less. CBD can be purchased in a wide variety of forms, including gels, gummies, oils, supplements, and extracts, amongst others.
THC is the primary psychoactive component of cannabis, and it is responsible for the high that users experience from the drug. Cannabis can be smoked to obtain it in some cases. Additionally, it can be obtained in the form of oils, foods, tinctures, capsules, and even more.
Both of these substances interact with the endocannabinoid system in your body, but their effects are extremely different from one another.
Continue reading to find out more information regarding these substances. In spite of the fact that they share quite a few similarities, they are utilized rather differently due to the significant distinctions that exist between them.
CBD and THC, in terms of their chemical structures
CBD and THC both contain exactly the same number of atoms across their chemical structures, which are as follows: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The different impacts that each has on your body are caused by a subtle distinction in the way the atoms are structured.
Both CBD and THC share chemical similarities with the endocannabinoids that are naturally occurring in your body. Because of this, they are able to interact with the cannabinoid receptors in your body.
Your brain’s neurotransmitters will discharge differently as a result of the interaction. Neurotransmitters are molecules that are important for relaying messages between cells. They also play a part in a variety of other processes, such as the regulation of sleep, immunological function, stress, and pain.
Psychoactive components CBD and THC compared and contrasted
CBD and THC, despite having molecular structures that are quite close to one another, do not produce the same intoxicating effects. CBD has a psychotropic effect, however not in the same way as THC does. It does not result in the high that is typically associated with THC. It has been demonstrated that cannabidiol, or CBD, can aid with anxiety, depression, and seizures.
The cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in the brain are receptive to THC’s binding. It causes one to feel elated or even euphoric at times.
CBD only binds to CB1 receptors in a very feeble manner, if at all. CBD cannot bind to the CB1 receptor without the presence of THC. As a result, CBD can work to mitigate some of the negative psychoactive effects of THC, such as feelings of pleasure or sleepiness.
CBD vs THC: A Legal Comparison
Regular changes are being made to the legal framework governing cannabis in the United States. Under the current interpretation of federal law, CBD is still classified as a drug that falls under Schedule I.
CBD is still considered to be a Schedule I drug by both the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), despite the fact that hemp has been removed from the Controlled Substances Act.
On the other hand, 33 states and the District of Columbia have established laws relating to cannabis, making it permissible for medicinal cannabis to have high quantities of THC. There is a possibility that a cannabis recommendation from a qualified physician will be required.
In addition, the use of cannabis and THC for recreational purposes is now allowed in a number of states.
You should be able to purchase CBD in states where it is legal to use cannabis for either recreational or medical purposes.
It is imperative that you investigate the rules of your state before attempting to purchase any products that contain CBD or THC.
You could be subject to legal consequences if you are caught in possession of cannabis-related items in a state where such products are unlawful or if you do not have a valid medical prescription in a state where such products are authorized for use in the treatment of medical conditions.
CBD and THC: A Comparison of Their Medical Benefits
CBD and THC have quite a few of the same beneficial properties for medical use. They are able to alleviate the symptoms of multiple illnesses at the same time. CBD, on the other hand, does not provide the euphoric effects that are associated with THC. Because CBD does not produce this adverse effect, it is possible that some people will find it to be a more appealing option.
Epidiolex was granted approval by the FDA in June of 2018, making it the first CBD-containing drug to be available for purchase with a prescription. It is employed in the treatment of uncommon and challenging-to-manage types of epilepsy. (At this time, Epidiolex is not authorized for the treatment of any of the additional disorders that are listed below.)
CBD is used to help with a variety of other conditions, including the following:
problems of the mind, such as epilepsy, inflammation, pain, psychosis, etc.
illness of the inflammatory bowel
nausea \smigraine \sdepression \sanxiety
THC is used to help with a variety of issues, including the following:
spasms of agony in the muscles
glaucoma insomnia low appetite
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CBD and THC: A Comparison of Side Effects
Even at very high levels, CBD is well tolerated by the body. According to ResearchTrusted Source, it is highly likely that any adverse effects you experience as a result of using CBD are the result of drug-to-drug interactions between CBD and other medications you could be taking.
The temporary side effects of THC include the following:
a faster heart rate causes difficulties with coordination.
tongue dryness red eyes delayed reaction times
Concerns about the loss of memory
The following are possible adverse effects of CBD:
weight loss dizziness
These undesirable consequences are an inevitable consequence of the psychoactive qualities of the substance.
Neither of these substances is lethal.
On the other hand, research suggests that high THC consumption may be linked to harmful psychiatric effects in the long run. This is especially true for adolescents who use substantial doses of THC, despite the fact that there is no definitive evidence to suggest that cannabis usage leads to psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia.
CBD versus THC: Testing for Drugs
Cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are stored in the fatty tissues of the body. After using them, you may still have traces of them in your system for several days or even weeks.
CBD is not going to show up on every drug test, but there are some that are more susceptible to it than others. Because the majority of conventional drug tests seek compounds related to THC, it is possible for traces of THC or marijuana usage to be detected during a screening.
Also, hemp can produce some THC in addition to CBD, which means that a test could come back positive for THC even if you haven’t used the substance yourself.
If you are going to be subjected to a drug test, you shouldn’t use any CBD or THC products since it’s crucial to know that even goods that claim to be THC-free could contain trace amounts of the substance.
If THC and CBD are two entirely separate chemicals, then why do people discuss the amount of THC that is present in CBD oil?
CBD and THC are two of the cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant in the highest concentrations. CBD and THC can be derived from both cannabis and hemp.
On the other hand, the THC content in cannabis is significantly higher. The amount of CBD found in hemp is significantly higher.
The typical cannabis strain grown nowadays has a concentration of about 12 percent THC obtained from a reliable source. Due to the hemp plant’s naturally low THC content, CBD oil could have trace amounts of the psychoactive cannabinoid THC. In order to pass muster with the federal government, CBD must contain no more than 0.3 percent of THC.
CBD and THC both contribute to the medical benefits of cannabis. Both of these are thought to be risk-free, but you should be aware of the potential for adverse effects and interactions with any other medications you might be taking. Before using cannabis or CBD products, you should consult with a trained cannabis or CBD clinician as well as your primary care physician.