Brown Spots on Teeth: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention You Should Know

Brown Spots on Teeth: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention You Should Know

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When you take care of your teeth and gums, you reduce your risk of developing cavities and improve your breath. Additionally, it assists in warding against gum disease. Brown spots on teeth are a significant indicator of poor oral hygiene and should be looked out for and avoided whenever possible as part of proper oral hygiene practices.

Brown stains on your teeth may be obvious or they may be more difficult to see. They range from a tint that is almost yellow to one that is practically black. Some of the dark spots have the appearance of lines, while others have the appearance of mottled patches. They can have an asymmetrical shape or one that is almost perfectly consistent.

Brown stains on the teeth are frequently an indication of inadequate dental hygiene. They are also possible indicators of potential health problems, such as celiac disease.

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What are the factors that lead to brown stains on teeth?

There is more than one reason for brown spots, as well as other kinds of discolorations. They are as follows:


Surface stains on teeth are often caused by tobacco usage.

Nicotine can be found in a variety of tobacco products, including the following:

putting tobacco in one’s mouth smokes

pipe tobacco cigars

Foods and beverages

The following are some examples of foods and beverages that may be responsible for tooth discolorations, including brown, grey, and yellow spots:

espresso coffee tea wine





Caries of the teeth

Tooth decay happens when the tooth enamel, which is the tough coating that covers your teeth, begins to wear away. Plaque, which is packed with bacteria, is continually growing on your teeth. Acid is produced by bacteria as a byproduct of eating meals that contain sugar. If plaque is not removed from the teeth on a regular basis, the acid will wear away the tooth enamel. This leads to cavities and brown stains on the teeth.

The level of severity of tooth decay might vary. It is a common cause of dark patches on teeth if the condition is allowed to go untreated.

Tartar Plaque that is not removed on a regular basis might harden and develop into tartar if the conditions are right. The gum line is the most common location for the formation of tartar, which can be yellow or brown in color.


Fluoride in water helps prevent tooth decay, but an excess of it can lead to dental fluorosis. In most cases, this condition manifests itself in children below the gum line since their teeth are still developing.

Fluorosis is typically a benign condition that manifests itself as white, lace-like patterns on the skin. When it becomes bad enough, the tooth enamel gets pitted, and brown spots start to form on the teeth. Extreme cases of fluorosis are quite unusual.

Enamel hypoplasia

Sometimes, either genetics or environmental circumstances might cause a person’s teeth to have less enamel than what is optimal for their health. This condition is referred to as enamel hypoplasia. Deficiencies in certain vitamins, maternal sickness or malnutrition during pregnancy, exposure to pollutants, and other factors can all contribute to the development of this condition. Hypoplasia of the enamel can damage one or more teeth and typically manifests as rough-textured, brown, or yellow patches on the tooth’s surface.

Root canal system

When the tissue inside of one of your teeth, known as the pulp, passes away, you will require a root canal. If you need this operation, your teeth can turn brown and keep that color afterward. This is due to the fact that the dead root has become darker, therefore penetrating the tooth.


Any kind of blow to the mouth might cause the nerve in your tooth to become injured. Because of this, the tooth may develop dark spots or perhaps turn entirely brown as a result.

Old dental work

Teeth can get discolored over time if they have dental work such as metal, silver, or white fillings, which deteriorate with time. White fillings are susceptible to surface stains, which can make the tooth appear brown over time.


Teeth may become discolored after using some antibiotics, including tetracycline and doxycycline (Monodox, Doryx). Children with teeth that are still in the process of developing are the ones most likely to experience this reliable source. If their mothers used certain medications when they were pregnant, it is also possible for the child to develop this condition. Brown spots on teeth are a potential side effect of the medicine glibenclamide (Glynase), which is used to treat permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus.

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Rinse your mouth with chlorhexidine

Gum disease can be treated with this prescription mouth rinse. Brown stains on teeth are one of the potential adverse effects.

Celiac disease

Celiac disease can occasionally be the culprit behind imperfections in the dental enamel, such as brown spots on the teeth. It is common for people with this illness, especially children, to have brown stains on their teeth.


It’s common for people’s teeth to yellow or develop spots as they get older. This may be due to a confluence of circumstances that, over time, have a cumulative effect, such as the following:

stains on the surface of the tooth caused by food, alcohol, or tobacco that darken the dentin, which is a material that surrounds each tooth and comprises the layer underlying dental enamel; enamel that has been thinned as a result of the previous two factors.


There is a wide range of possible causes, including genetics, for the color of one’s teeth. Others have teeth that are normally more yellow or beige in color, while yet others have teeth that are naturally exceedingly white. There are also genetic abnormalities that generate dark spots on teeth, such as dentinogenesis imperfecta. These disorders can be inherited.

Signs and symptoms to look out for

Cavities, which can be treated by a dentist, are indicated by brown patches on teeth, which might be an early warning indication of the condition. It is possible for these conditions to be accompanied by symptoms such as tooth pain, sensitivity, or foul breath.

Gingivitis is something that can develop if tooth decay gets bad enough. Consult a dentist if the brown patches on your teeth are accompanied by gums that bleed easily or that feel constantly uncomfortable.

Dry mouth, canker sores, and ulcers of the mouth are all possible oral manifestations of celiac disease in affected individuals. It’s possible for the tongue to look quite red, smooth, and glossy. In addition to this, there may be indications of squamous cell carcinoma, a form of skin cancer, in the oral cavity or the throat.

People who have enamel hypoplasia may have teeth that are pitted or have a rough texture on the surface of their teeth.

Regarding the treatment of brown spots on teeth

Maintaining proper oral hygiene can halt the progression of enamel hypoplasia. It is possible to safeguard teeth from wear and tear by bonding or sealing the teeth. It is possible for these operations to have a permanent or semi-permanent effect.

Whitening procedures that can be done at home might be useful for removing surface stains. Whitening procedures are not effective for removing all types of tooth discoloration, though. Therefore, you should see your dentist before attempting one.

Whitening toothpaste, bleaching kits, and whitening strips are all examples of treatments that can be done at home. It is essential to carefully follow the directions on the packaging of these goods in order to get the most out of their use.

Whiteners aren’t permanent. They will produce the finest benefits if they are utilized in a consistent manner. However, excessive usage of these may cause the enamel on your teeth to wear away.

Always make sure that the goods you use have the Seal of Acceptance from the American Dental Association (ADA).

Whitening treatments performed by professionals have the potential to be very effective in eradicating brown stains. They frequently necessitate the need for the patient to make multiple trips to the dentist.

In-office procedures often produce results that last for around three years on average. Maintaining good dental hygiene may allow your benefits to last for a longer period of time. Your teeth will become a darker shade of yellow or brown more rapidly if you have poor habits like smoking.

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The following are examples of procedures:

dental prophylaxis, which entails the cleaning of teeth and the provision of preventative therapy

whitening power at the chairside porcelain veneers composite bonding bleaching bleaching

Avoiding the development of brown patches on teeth

If you take good care of your teeth, they will stay clean, brilliant, and unspotted for much longer. Brush your teeth after each meal, and floss at least once a day.

Quitting smoking is one of the most important things you can do for the overall health of your body, including the health of your teeth.

Careful attention to what one consumes, both in food and drink, is also essential. Always clean your teeth after consuming foods or beverages that can discolor your teeth. Additionally, be sure to incorporate foods that are high in calcium into your diet. Calcium can help you avoid enamel degradation.

Steer clear of meals and beverages that are high in sugar, such as sweets, hard candies, and soda. Because simple carbs, like potato chips and white bread, are converted into sugars in the body, you should also stay away from foods that contain them.

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