Azithromycin Tablet Macrolide Antibiotics – Uses, Side Effects, Warnings, and More
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The antibacterial drug azithromycin is effective against a wide range of bacterial illnesses. It is an antibiotic of the macrolide class. It achieves its effect by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. Infections caused by viruses cannot be treated with this medicine (such as common cold, flu). It is possible for the efficacy of any antibiotic to be reduced if it is used inappropriately or excessively.
Instructions for taking azithromycin by mouth
Before beginning treatment with azithromycin and whenever you get a refill, make sure to read the Patient Information Leaflet, which should be provided by your pharmacist if it is available. If you have any questions, you should consult with either your physician or your pharmacist.
It is recommended that you take this medication orally, as instructed by your physician, once daily, either with or without meals. If stomach discomfort develops, this drug can be taken with meals if you want. Your current health status and how well you respond to treatment will determine the appropriate dosage.
It is recommended that you take this antibiotic at regular intervals to have the optimum results. Always take this prescription at the same time(s) of day, as this will make it easier for you to remember.
Even if your symptoms have subsided after a few days, you should keep taking this medication as directed until the complete amount that was recommended has been consumed. If the treatment is discontinued too soon, the bacteria may be allowed to continue to develop, which could lead to a recurrence of the infection.
If taken at the same time as azithromycin, antacids that contain aluminium or magnesium may cause less of the antibiotic to be absorbed by the body. It is recommended that you wait at least two hours before or after taking azithromycin if you are using an antacid that contains aluminium or magnesium.
If your situation does not improve or if it gets worse, you should consult your doctor.
It’s possible that you’ll end up with an upset stomach, diarrhoea or loose stools, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain. Notify your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects continue or become worse.
Keep in mind that the reason your doctor has recommended that you take this medication is because he or she believes that the potential benefits to you outweigh the potential risks of doing so. The majority of persons who take this medicine do not report experiencing any severe adverse effects.
Notify your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any of the following rare but serious side effects: changes in your hearing (such as decreased hearing or deafness), problems with your eyes (such as drooping eyelids or blurred vision), difficulty speaking or swallowing, muscle weakness, signs of liver problems (such as unusual tiredness, persistent nausea or vomiting, severe stomach or abdominal pain, yellowing eyes or skin, or dark urine).
If you experience any of the following uncommon but serious adverse effects, get immediate medical attention: rapid or irregular heartbeat, severe dizziness, or fainting.
Because of a bacteria known as C. difficile, this medicine has a very low but nevertheless possible risk of causing a severe digestive illness. This syndrome may manifest itself at any time during therapy or anywhere from a few weeks to several months after treatment has been completed. Notify your primary care physician as soon as possible if you experience any of the following symptoms: diarrhoea that does not stop, abdominal or stomach pain or cramping, blood or mucus in your stool.
Do not use anti-diarrhea or opioid medicines if you are experiencing these symptoms because they may make your condition much more severe.
If you use this medication for an extended period of time or if you use it frequently, you may develop oral thrush or a new yeast infection. If you see white patches in your mouth, a change in your vaginal discharge, or any other new symptoms, make an appointment with your primary care physician.
It is quite unusual for this medicine to cause an extremely severe allergic reaction. However, you should seek immediate medical attention if you experience any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, such as a fever that does not go away, new or worsening lymph node swelling, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms include: fever that does not go away; new or worsening lymph node swelling; rash; itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/
Even if you stop taking the medication, you run the risk of having another allergic response to it. If you experience an adverse reaction, you should continue to monitor yourself for several days following your final dose for any of the symptoms listed above.
This list of potential adverse effects is not exhaustive in any way. Please consult your physician or pharmacist if you have any side effects that are not listed above.
In the United States, if you are experiencing any adverse effects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit their website at www.fda.gov/medwatch to report any adverse effects.
In Canada, if you are experiencing any adverse affects, please consult your primary care physician. You can call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345 to report any adverse effects you experience.
Inform your physician or pharmacist that you are allergic to azithromycin, as well as to any other antibiotics (such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, or telithromycin), or if you have any additional allergies before beginning treatment with azithromycin. There is a possibility that this product contains inactive substances, which, if present, could result in allergic responses or other complications. Discuss the matter further with your pharmacist for further information.
Before beginning treatment with this drug, it is important that you discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of liver illness, kidney disease, or a particular muscle problem (myasthenia gravis).
A disorder that alters the normal beat of the heart could be the result of taking azithromycin (QT prolongation). Rarely, a QT prolongation can cause dangerous (and in extremely rare cases, fatal) fast or irregular heartbeat in addition to other symptoms (such as severe dizziness and fainting) that require immediate attention from a medical professional.
If you have certain medical conditions or are taking other drugs that can cause QT prolongation, your risk of developing the condition may be enhanced. Inform your physician or pharmacist of all the medications you are currently taking, as well as if you have any of the following conditions: certain heart problems (heart failure, slow heartbeat, QT prolongation in the EKG), a family history of certain heart problems, and so on before beginning treatment with azithromycin (QT prolongation in the EKG, sudden cardiac death).
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Your chance of having your QT interval become prolonged may also be increased if your blood potassium or magnesium levels are low. This risk may be increased if you use certain medications (such as diuretics or “water pills”) or if you have conditions like as intense sweating, diarrhoea, or vomiting. Likewise, this risk may be increased if you use certain drugs. Have a conversation with your healthcare provider about the proper use of azithromycin.
It is possible that azithromycin will impair the performance of live bacterial vaccinations, such as the vaccine against typhoid. Before receiving any vaccines or vaccinations, you should disclose the fact that you are currently taking azithromycin to your health care provider.
Before undergoing surgery, it is important to discuss all of the products you use with your dentist or doctor (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
It’s possible that older persons are more sensitive to the adverse effects of this medication, particularly the QT prolongation (see above).
During pregnancy, it is important to only use this drug when it is absolutely necessary. Talk to your healthcare provider about the potential drawbacks and advantages.
This medication can be found in breast milk. Before starting to breastfeed, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
See also the section on how to use it.
Drug interactions can alter the way in which your prescriptions work or raise the likelihood that you will have major adverse effects. This document does not contain all possible medication interactions. Maintain a list of all the goods you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as herbal remedies, and give it to both your primary care physician and your pharmacist. Without first consulting your physician, you should never alter the dosage of any medication, stop taking any medication, or start taking any new medication.
In addition to azithromycin, a wide variety of other medications, such as amiodarone, chloroquine, disopyramide, dofetilide, dronedarone, hydroxychloroquine, ibutilide, pimozide, procainamide, quinidine, and sotalol, are also capable of causing QT prolongation, which can alter the normal rhythm of the heart.
In this case, an overdose of medication.
Dial 911 if you suspect that someone has overdosed and they are exhibiting serious symptoms such as passing out or having problems breathing. In any other case, you should immediately contact a poison control centre. To reach the poison control centre for your area in the United States, dial 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control centre.
This drug should not be given to anyone else.
This drug has been given to you specifically for the treatment of your current condition. If you have another illness in the future, you should not use it unless your doctor tells you to.
If you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you realise you forgot. If it is getting close to the time of the next dose, you should forgo the dose that you missed. Your next dose should be taken at the typical time. It is not necessary to double the dose in order to catch up.
Keep at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Store at room temperature. Keep away from the bathroom at all costs. Always make sure that children and animals are kept well away from any medications.
Unless you have been specifically told to do so, you should not flush drugs down the toilet or pour them down a drain. When it is no longer needed or has passed its expiration date, dispose of this product in the appropriate manner. Talk to your neighbourhood pharmacy or the firm that handles garbage disposal in your area.